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PURPOSE This study describes the influence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) on the incidence rates of selected injuries. METHODS A retrospective cohort study design was employed using medical claims data from the Deseret Mutual Benefit Administrators (DMBA), a health insurance company for employees of the Church of Jesus Christ of(More)
BACKGROUND The association between coffee intake, tea intake and cancer has been extensively studied, but associations are not established for many cancers. Previous studies are not consistent on whether caffeine may be the source of possible associations between coffee and cancer risk. METHODS In the Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian cancer(More)
OBJECTIVE To measure change in patient activation and self-efficacy in individuals with phenylketonuria (PKU) before and after a 6-month phone-based motivational interviewing (MI) intervention and determine the feasibility of implementing dietary counseling for PKU using an MI approach. METHODS Participants (n = 31) included preadolescents (7-12 years),(More)
BACKGROUND To date, no physical activity (PA) questionnaires intended for primary care have been compared against a criterion measure of PA and current (2008) aerobic PA recommendations of the American College of Sports Medicine/American Heart Association (ACSM/AHA). AIM This study evaluated preliminary evidence for criterion validity of two brief (<1(More)
Objectives. Disease surveillance combines data collection and analysis with dissemination of findings to decision makers. The timeliness of these activities affects the ability to implement preventive measures. Influenza surveillance has traditionally been hampered by delays in both data collection and dissemination. Methods. We used statistical process(More)
BACKGROUND Rural women in West Bengal have been found to have low rates of formal education, poor health knowledge, high rates of malnutrition and anemia, and low levels of empowerment. Despite these difficult circumstances, some women have positive health outcomes compared to women with similarly disadvantaged backgrounds. The purpose of this study is to(More)
BACKGROUND To assess the demographic and attitudinal factors associated with HPV vaccine initiation and completion among 18-26 year old women in Utah. METHOD Between January 2013 and December 2013, we surveyed 325 women from the University of Utah Community Clinics about their HPV vaccine related beliefs and behaviors. Odds ratios (ORs) were estimated(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) diagnosis among patients with confirmed and unconfirmed prediabetes (preDM) relative to an at-risk group receiving care from primary care physicians over a 5-year period. STUDY DESIGN Utilizing data from the Intermountain Healthcare (IH) Enterprise Data Warehouse (EDW) from 2006-2013, we performed(More)
INTRODUCTION No tool currently used by primary health care providers to assess physical activity has been evaluated for its ability to determine whether or not patients achieve recommended levels of activity. The purpose of this study was to assess concurrent validity of physical activity self-reported to the brief (<30 sec) Physical Activity "Vital Sign"(More)