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Epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory evidence has shown a positive correlation between cigarette smoking and ethanol use, and previous studies suggest some commonality in the neural pathways mediating effects of nicotine and ethanol. In this study, the subjective and behavioral interactions among nicotine, ethanol, and the nicotinic antagonist(More)
Most studies of cigarette smoking and smoking cessation have focused on the psychopharmacological effects of nicotine; relatively few have explored the role of sensory aspects of cigarette smoke. Sensory aspects of cigarette smoke play a role in the maintenance of smoking behavior, and may be particularly important for certain smokers. This paper presents(More)
Studies with laboratory animals have shown that dopamine antagonists block the rewarding and interoceptive effects of amphetamine. However, studies using dopamine antagonists with humans have not consistently shown blockade of amphetamine-induced euphoria. The unexpected results in humans may relate to the low doses of dopamine antagonists tested. The(More)
The role of dopamine in d-amphetamine-induced euphoria has not been systematically examined in normal volunteers. Therefore, we examined the effects of the dopamine antagonist, pimozide, on responses to d-amphetamine in healthy volunteers, using a within-subjects, double-blind design. Ten subjects received single oral doses of d-amphetamine (0, 10, 20 mg) 2(More)
Studies with laboratory animals have consistently demonstrated a role for dopamine in mediating the discriminative stimulus (i.e., interoceptive) effects of amphetamine. For example, D2 dopamine agonists mimic the discriminative stimulus effects of amphetamine and D1 and D2 dopamine antagonists generally block them. The discriminative stimulus effects of(More)
RATIONALE The role of endogenous opiate systems in cigarette smoking remains unclear. In laboratory animals, opiate antagonists block many of the effects of nicotine, but in humans they do not consistently alter smoking behavior. OBJECTIVE This study explored the effects of naltrexone, alone and in combination with nicotine, on smoking behavior. METHODS(More)
Many methodological issues exist in human laboratory research with smoked cocaine-base that include safety, precision of dose delivery of smoked cocaine, and the lack of an adequate placebo. All of these issues are particularly apparent with studies involving multiple doses of cocaine. Addressing these concerns is important in conducting parametric studies(More)
This is a descriptive report on the relationship between the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of d-amphetamine in healthy, normal volunteers. Six men, aged 22 to 31, attended two experimental sessions during which they received single oral doses of 20 mg of d-amphetamine. Plasma levels of drug and measures of drug effect were collected predrug and at(More)
Recent clinical reports indicate that combined administration of phentermine and fenfluramine may have useful effects in the treatment of drug abuse. The present study was designed to evaluate the subjective and mood-altering effects of these drugs, alone and in combination, in normal healthy volunteers. Seven male and five female volunteers participated in(More)
RATIONALE Studies with laboratory animals and humans suggest that dopamine may play a role in maintaining cigarette smoking behavior via its interactions with nicotine. OBJECTIVES This study was designed to replicate and extend previous findings showing that the dopamine D2 antagonist, haloperidol, produces blockade of smoking reward and compensatory(More)