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The aim of this prospective study was to investigate the ability of transvaginal power Doppler ultrasonography to assess the relationship between follicular vascularity and outcome in women undergoing in-vitro fertilization. Each of 38 subjects underwent a single transvaginal power Doppler ultrasound scan on the day of oocyte collection, where the(More)
A nested PCR primed by four degenerate oligonucleotides was developed for the specific amplification of sequences from the napA gene encoding the periplasmic nitrate reductase. This approach was used to amplify fragments of the napA gene from 10 Pseudomonas species and one Moraxella sp., previously shown to be able to express the periplasmic nitrate(More)
The aim of this prospective study of the use of transvaginal power Doppler ultrasound was to assess the subjectivity of the grading system and to elucidate, on a much larger series (200) of treatment cycles, the findings of previous authors. Vascular perfusion was studied using a grading system based on the percentage of follicular circumference (grade 1 <(More)
Equilibration of oocytes with cryoprotectants is a prerequisite of low temperature storage. However, cryoprotectant exposure may induce damage via osmotic stress. Knowledge of cell membrane permeability characteristics and their temperature dependence would facilitate the design of cryopreservation protocols in which osmotic stress is minimized and the(More)
House dust mites (HDM; Dermatophagoides sp.) are one of the commonest aeroallergens worldwide and up to 85% of asthmatics are typically HDM allergic. Allergenicity is associated both with the mites themselves and with ligands derived from mite-associated bacterial and fungal products. Murine models of allergic airways disease for asthma research have(More)
Gene therapy by use of integrating vectors carrying therapeutic transgene sequences offers the potential for a permanent cure of genetic diseases by stable vector insertion into the patients' chromosomes. However, three cases of T cell lymphoproliferative disease have been identified almost 3 years after retrovirus gene therapy for X-linked severe combined(More)
BACKGROUND Inhaled house dust mite (HDM) results in T-helper (TH) 2 type pathology in unsensitized mice, in conjunction with airway hyperreactivity and airway remodelling. However, the pulmonary cytokine and chemokine profile has not been reported. METHODS We have performed a time course analysis of the characteristic molecular mediators and cellular(More)
BACKGROUND The fungal allergen Alternaria alternata is implicated in severe asthma and rapid onset life-threatening exacerbations of disease. However, the mechanisms that underlie this severe pathogenicity remain unclear. OBJECTIVE We sought to investigate the mechanism whereby Alternaria was capable of initiating severe, rapid onset allergic(More)
BACKGROUND IL-9-secreting (T(H)9) T cells are thought to represent a distinct T-cell subset. However, evidence for their functionality in disease is uncertain. OBJECTIVE To define a functional phenotype for T(H)9-driven pathology in vivo. METHODS We used fluorescence-activated cell sorting to identify circulating T(H)9 cells in atopic and nonatopic(More)
Cortisol is converted to the inactive glucocorticoid, cortisone, in several tissues by 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11 beta HSD). We have recently measured 11 beta HSD activity in cultured human granulosa-lutein cells recovered from patients undergoing in-vitro fertilisation and embryo transfer (IVF-ET). We now report an association between the(More)