Lisa Giovannelli

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The comet assay is a versatile and sensitive method for measuring single- and double-strand breaks in DNA. The mechanism of formation of comets (under neutral or alkaline conditions) is best understood by analogy with nucleoids, in which relaxation of DNA supercoiling in a structural loop of DNA by a single DNA break releases that loop to extend into a(More)
The nucleus basalis of male Charles River Wistar rats was injected with 10 micrograms of the beta-amyloid peptides beta-(1-40) and beta-(25-35) and changes in the morphology of the lesioned area, the release of acetylcholine from the cortex, and in behavior were investigated. Injections of saline and a scrambled (25-35) peptide were used as controls. One(More)
In order to evaluate dietary and lifestyle determinants of oxidative DNA damage we used a modification of the 'comet assay' (single cell alkaline gel electrophoresis), with the fpg enzyme (formamidopyrimidine DNA glycosilase), to measure the basal level of DNA oxidation in peripheral lymphocytes donated by 71 healthy adults living in Florence, Italy.(More)
The microdialysis technique with one or two probes was used to investigate the modulation of cortically projecting cholinergic neurons by glutamatergic input in the rat in vivo. Male albino Wistar rats (250-300 g) were used. Under chloral hydrate anaesthesia microdialysis membranes were positioned in the parietal cortex, nucleus basalis magnocellularis(More)
The long-term effects of beta-amyloid peptide 1-40 injection into the rat forebrain were studied. Ten micrograms of pre-aggregated peptide were injected into the right nucleus basalis of male Wistar rats which were then killed four or six months later. Congo Red staining of histological sections showed that the peptide deposit was aggregated in a fibrillary(More)
To examine the role of the subfornical organ (SFO) in the osmotic activation of hypothalamic neurons, the responses of the SFO to osmotic stimulation were evaluated by using c-Fos protein immunohistochemistry. Numerous c-Fos-immunoreactive nuclei were found in the SFO of rats injected i.p. with hypertonic saline solution as early as 30 min after(More)
Extra-virgin olive oils (EVOO), high in phenolic compounds with antioxidant properties, could be partly responsible for the lower mortality and incidence of cancer and CVD in the Mediterranean region. The present study aims to measure oxidative DNA damage in healthy human subjects consuming olive oils with different concentrations of natural phenols. A(More)
In order to evaluate the responses to osmotic stress of oxytocinergic neurons in vivo, we have studied oxytocin (OXY) and c-fos protein expression in the brain by means of double-immunostaining. C-fos immunoreactivity was detected in a subset of OXY neurons, as well as in other neurons non-immunoreactive for OXY, as early as 90 min after intraperitoneal(More)
Oxidative DNA damage was measured in the substantia nigra (SN), cortex, hippocampus, striatum and hypothalamus of 3- and 24-month-old rats, using single-cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE, 'comet' assay) which allows the detection of DNA breaks and oxidized bases. A significant increase in basal DNA damage was selectively found in the SN of aged rats.(More)
The effects of histaminergic ligands on both ACh spontaneous release from the hippocampus and the expression of c-fos in the medial septum-diagonal band (MSA-DB) of freely moving rats were investigated. Because the majority of cholinergic innervation to the hippocampus is provided by MSA-DB neurons, we used the dual-probe microdialysis technique to apply(More)