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The microdialysis technique with one or two probes was used to investigate the modulation of cortically projecting cholinergic neurons by glutamatergic input in the rat in vivo. Male albino Wistar rats (250-300 g) were used. Under chloral hydrate anaesthesia microdialysis membranes were positioned in the parietal cortex, nucleus basalis magnocellularis(More)
The long-term effects of beta-amyloid peptide 1-40 injection into the rat forebrain were studied. Ten micrograms of pre-aggregated peptide were injected into the right nucleus basalis of male Wistar rats which were then killed four or six months later. Congo Red staining of histological sections showed that the peptide deposit was aggregated in a fibrillary(More)
The effects of histaminergic ligands on both ACh spontaneous release from the hippocampus and the expression of c-fos in the medial septum-diagonal band (MSA-DB) of freely moving rats were investigated. Because the majority of cholinergic innervation to the hippocampus is provided by MSA-DB neurons, we used the dual-probe microdialysis technique to apply(More)
In order to evaluate the responses to osmotic stress of oxytocinergic neurons in vivo, we have studied oxytocin (OXY) and c-fos protein expression in the brain by means of double-immunostaining. C-fos immunoreactivity was detected in a subset of OXY neurons, as well as in other neurons non-immunoreactive for OXY, as early as 90 min after intraperitoneal(More)
Double immunostaining for c-fos and oxytocin (OXY) was used to study the topography and time course of the metabolic activation of the hypothalamic oxytocinergic system upon osmotic stress in the male rat. Animals injected i.p. with hypertonic saline expressed c-fos-like immunoreactivity (FLI) in the paraventricular (PVN), periventricular (PEV) and(More)
The septum of male Wistar rats was injected with synthetic beta-amyloid fragments, beta 12-28, beta 25-35 and beta 1-40, and hippocampal acetylcholine (ACh) release was evaluated by transversal microdialysis. A marked decrease in basal and K(+)-evoked ACh release was found 7 or 21 days after injection of 5 nmol of beta 12-28 and beta 25-35, or 3 nmol of(More)
Interleukin-1beta (10 U) was injected into the nucleus basalis of adult male Wistar rats. The inflammation-induced changes in glial cell morphology and expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase in the injected area, the release of acetylcholine, GABA and glutamate from the ipsilateral cortex, the production of nitrite levels in the injected area and(More)
The nucleus basalis of male Charles River Wistar rats was injected with 10 micrograms of the beta-amyloid peptides beta-(1-40) and beta-(25-35) and changes in the morphology of the lesioned area, the release of acetylcholine from the cortex, and in behavior were investigated. Injections of saline and a scrambled (25-35) peptide were used as controls. One(More)
Oxidative DNA damage was measured in the substantia nigra (SN), cortex, hippocampus, striatum and hypothalamus of 3- and 24-month-old rats, using single-cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE, 'comet' assay) which allows the detection of DNA breaks and oxidized bases. A significant increase in basal DNA damage was selectively found in the SN of aged rats.(More)
A unilateral ibotenic acid lesion was placed in the nucleus basalis magnocellularis of 3- and 18-month-old rats. In the lesioned aging rats, the number of choline acetyltransferase-immunoreactive neurons of the nucleus basalis magnocellularis was markedly reduced in the ipsilateral side and to a lesser extent in the contralateral side. Twenty-one days after(More)