Lisa G McFadden

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The dose-response relationships for in vitro mutagenicity induced by methylmethanesulfonate (MMS) or methylnitrosourea (MNU) in L5178Y mouse lymphoma (ML) cells were examined. DNA adducts (N7-methylguanine, N7MeG and O(6)-methylguanine, O(6)MeG) were quantified as biomarkers of exposure. Both endpoints were assessed using 5replicates/dose (4-h treatment)(More)
Vinyl acetate monomer (VAM) produced rat nasal tumors at concentrations in the hundreds of parts per million. However, VAM is weakly genotoxic in vitro and shows no genotoxicity in vivo. A European Union Risk Assessment concluded that VAM's hydrolysis to acetaldehyde (AA), via carboxylesterase, is a critical key event in VAM's carcinogenic potential. In the(More)
EPA's Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program Tier 1 battery consists of eleven assays intended to identify the potential of a chemical to interact with the estrogen, androgen, thyroid, or steroidogenesis systems. We have collected control data from a subset of test order recipients from the first round of screening. The analysis undertaken herein(More)
Spinosad is an insecticide derived from a naturally occurring bacterium via fermentation. The toxicity of spinosad was characterized in subchronic and chronic toxicity/oncogenicity studies conducted according to standard toxicology regulatory guidelines. Subchronic toxicity was evaluated in groups of 10 Fischer 344 rats/sex given feed containing 0, 0.05,(More)
A strategic and comprehensive program in which toxicokinetic (TK) measurements are made for all agrochemicals undergoing toxicity testing (both new compounds and compounds already registered for use) is described. This approach provides the data to more accurately assess the toxicokinetics of agrochemicals and their metabolites in laboratory animals and(More)
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) has included an amphibian metamorphosis assay (AMA) to detect thyroid active chemicals in Tier 1 testing of their endocrine screening program. To understand the variability, specificity, and reliability of the key endpoints of this assay, two exposure studies with Xenopus laevis tadpoles were conducted(More)
Several statistical approaches were evaluated to identify an optimum method for determining a point of nonlinearity (PONL) in toxicokinetic data. (1) A second-order least squares regression model was fit iteratively starting with data from all doses. If the second order term was significant (α<0.05), the dataset was reevaluated with successive removal of(More)
The response of animals in toxicity studies reflects a complex interaction of a number of variables, some intrinsic to a particular study design and others resulting from the treatment itself. The influences of strain and diet upon constitutive and benzo(a)pyrene (B(a)P) induced activities of several hepatic Phase I and II enzymes were studied in a(More)
The National Toxicology Program (NTP) database of technical reports on carcinogenicity bioassays has been interrogated for the incidence of primary pulmonary neoplasms in B6C3F1 mice. A total of 170 study reports were selected, from studies that completed the in-life phase during 1983-2007, which included neoplasm incidence data for 180 control groups(More)