Lisa Elizabeth Jacob

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Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) were isolated from the hands of food handlers in 50 restaurants in Kuwait City and studied for the production of staphylococcal enterotoxins, toxic shock syndrome toxin-1, slime and resistance to antimicrobial agents. One or a combination of staphylococcal enterotoxins A, B or C were produced(More)
High-level mupirocin- and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolated from five hospitals in Kuwait were studied by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) to determine their relatedness to one another and to high-level mupirocin-resistant MRSA isolated previously in a Burns Unit. The genetic location of mupirocin resistance determinant was(More)
This study investigated the distribution of genes for aminoglycoside-modifying enzymes (AME) and the genetic relatedness of high-level aminoglycoside-resistant enterococci isolated in Kuwait hospitals. A total of 117 enterococci, consisting of 109 Enterococcus faecalis, seven Enterococcus faecium, and one Enterococcus casseliflavus were studied. The MICs of(More)
OBJECTIVES To characterize mupirocin-resistant methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolated from patients in a burn unit by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and plasmid contents. METHODS A total of 53 methicillin-resistant S. aureus, consisting of 48 mupirocin-resistant and 5 mupirocin-susceptible MRSA were compared by plasmid content and(More)
A 31-kb conjugative plasmid, pXU12, encoding high-level mupirocin resistance via the mupA gene, was isolated from a multiply resistant Staphylococcus aureus isolate, MB494. pXU12 was derived by a deletion of an 8.6-kb EcoRI fragment from a approximately 40-kb plasmid in the parental isolate during curing and conjugation experiments. It transferred rapidly(More)
Clinical strains of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) expressing high- and low-level mupirocin resistance were studied to determine the genetic location of mupirocin and other resistance determinants. Mupirocin resistance was confirmed by MIC determination with E-test strips. Curing and transfer experiments were used to establish the(More)
A conjugative plasmid, pXU10, encoding high-level mupirocin resistance was transferred from a Staphylococcus haemolyticus isolate, CN216, to other coagulase-negative staphylococci and a restriction deficient Staphylococcus aureus strain, XU21, but not to clinical isolates or a restriction-proficient laboratory strain (strain WBG541) of S. aureus. However,(More)
This study investigated the incidence of antimicrobial resistance in clinically significant coagulase-negative staphylococci at the Mubarak Al Kabeer Hospital, Kuwait. A total of 104 isolates of coagulase-negative staphylococci consisting of S. epidermidis (67), S. haemolyticus (16), S. saprophyticus (6), S. simulans (2), S. hominis (4), S. albus (2), S.(More)
Eighteen methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) samples isolated from patients and the environment in an intensive care unit (ICU) during a routine surveillance were tested for antimicrobial resistance and typed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. Three pulsed-field patterns were observed. Sixteen were ciprofloxacin resistant and had identical(More)