Lisa D . Urness

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Endoglin is a transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) binding protein expressed on the surface of endothelial cells. Loss-of-function mutations in the human endoglin gene ENG cause hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT1), a disease characterized by vascular malformations. Here it is shown that by gestational day 11.5, mice lacking endoglin die from(More)
Guidance and patterning of axons are orchestrated by cell-surface receptors and ligands that provide directional cues. Interactions between the Robo receptor and Slit ligand families of proteins initiate signaling cascades that repel axonal outgrowth. Although the vascular and nervous systems grow as parallel networks, the mechanisms by which the vascular(More)
The mature circulatory system is comprised of two parallel, yet distinct, vascular networks that carry blood to and from the heart. Studies have suggested that endothelial tubes are specified as arteries and veins at the earliest stages of angiogenesis, before the onset of circulation. To understand the molecular basis for arterial-venous identity, we have(More)
Axonal guidance and vascular patterning share several guidance cues, including proteins in the netrin family. We demonstrate that netrins stimulate proliferation, migration, and tube formation of human endothelial cells in vitro and that this stimulation is independent of known netrin receptors. Suppression of netrin1a messenger RNA in zebrafish inhibits(More)
The inner ear epithelium, with its complex array of sensory, non-sensory, and neuronal cell types necessary for hearing and balance, is derived from a thickened patch of head ectoderm called the otic placode. Mouse embryos lacking both Fgf3 and Fgf10 fail to initiate inner ear development because appropriate patterns of gene expression fail to be specified(More)
Using differential display of rat fetal and postnatal cardiomyocytes, we have identified a novel seven-transmembrane receptor, ETL. The cDNA-predicted amino acid sequence of ETL indicated that it encodes a 738-aa protein composed of a large extracellular domain with epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like repeats, a seven-transmembrane domain, and a short(More)
The E74 early ecdysone-inducible gene plays a key role in the regulatory hierarchy activated by ecdysone at the onset of Drosophila metamorphosis. We show here that E74A protein binds to three adjacent sites in the middle of the E74 gene. The consensus sequence for E74A protein binding, determined by random-sequence oligonucleotide selection, contains an(More)
Several characteristic morphological and functional differences distinguish arteries from veins. It was thought that hemodynamic forces shaped these differences; however, increasing evidence suggests that morphogenetic programs play a central role in blood vessel differentiation. Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is a vascular dysplasia(More)
The levels of fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signaling play important roles in coordinating development of the mouse inner, middle, and outer ears. Extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs) are among the effectors that transduce the FGF signal to the nucleus and other cellular compartments. Attenuation of ERK activity by dephosphorylation is necessary(More)