Lisa C. Willcocks

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The response of a leukocyte to immune complexes (ICs) is modulated by receptors for the Fc region of IgG (FcgammaRs), and alterations in their affinity or function have been associated with risk of autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The low-affinity FcgammaR genomic locus is complex, containing regions of copy number(More)
Autoimmune diseases are common and debilitating, but their severe manifestations could be reduced if biomarkers were available to allow individual tailoring of potentially toxic immunosuppressive therapy. Gene expression-based biomarkers facilitating such tailoring of chemotherapy in cancer, but not autoimmunity, have been identified and translated into(More)
Copy number (CN) variation (CNV) has been shown to be common in regions of the genome coding for immune-related genes, and thus impacts upon polygenic autoimmunity. Low CN of FCGR3B has recently been associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). FcgammaRIIIb is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol-linked, low affinity receptor for IgG found predominantly on(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a multisystem autoimmune disease more prevalent in people of African and Asian origin than Caucasian origin. FcgammaRIIb is an inhibitory Fc receptor with a critical role in immune regulation. Mouse data suggest that FcgammaRIIb deficiency increases susceptibility to autoimmune disease but protects against infection. We(More)
OBJECTIVE ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) is characterized by a chronic relapsing course. Rituximab (RTX) is an effective maintenance treatment; however, the long-term outcomes after its discontinuation are unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the long-term outcomes of AAV patients treated with repeat-dose RTX maintenance therapy. METHODS AAV(More)
Low-affinity Fcgamma receptors (FcgammaRs) mediate the effects of immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies on leukocytes, including recruitment to inflammatory lesions, phagocytosis, antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity, release of inflammatory mediators and regulation of B cell activation. These functions are an important part of the mammalian response to(More)
Plasmodium falciparum has exerted tremendous selective pressure on genes that improve survival in severe malarial infections. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease that is six to eight times more prevalent in women of African descent than in women of European descent. Here we provide evidence that a genetic susceptibility to SLE(More)
The aetiology of anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA)-associated systemic vasculitis has not been well defined. Here we review two factors which may play a role in the pathogenesis of the disease: genetics and infection. In particular, we discuss the role of autoantibodies to LAMP-2, which may arise following infection with Gram-negative bacteria,(More)
The autoimmune disease systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is characterized by the deposition of immune complexes in organs such as the kidney. This occurs as a result of multiple immunological abnormalities, including the production of high levels of autoantibody and dysregulated handling of immune complexes. Receptors for the Fc portion of IgG are(More)
BACKGROUND Pulmonary haemorrhage (PH) is a serious manifestation of systemic vasculitis with high mortality rates yet vasculitis is associated with an increased prevalence of venous thromboembolism (VTE). The concurrent presentation of severe PH and VTE poses a challenge in terms of therapeutic management. METHODS This is a retrospective case review of(More)