Lisa C. Parker

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The cytokine interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) contributes to ischemic, excitotoxic, and traumatic brain injury. IL-1beta actions depend on interaction with a single receptor (IL-1RI), which associates with an accessory protein (IL-1RAcP), and is blocked by IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra). Here we show that in normal mice [wild-type (WT)],(More)
Interleukin (IL)-1 is an important mediator of acute brain injury and inflammation, and has been implicated in chronic neurodegeneration. The main source of IL-1 in the CNS is microglial cells, which have also been suggested as targets for its action. However, no data exist demonstrating expression of IL-1 receptors [IL-1 type-I receptor (IL-1RI), IL-1(More)
Neutrophils are amongst the first immune cells to arrive at sites of infection, where they initiate antimicrobial and proinflammatory functions, which serve to contain infection. Sensing and defeating microbial infections are daunting tasks as a result of their molecular heterogeneity; however, Toll-like receptors (TLRs) have emerged as key components of(More)
Neutrophils are key innate immune effector cells that are rapidly recruited to sites of infection and inflammation to provide early defence against invading microorganisms. This function is facilitated by the expression of Toll-like receptor (TLR) family members by neutrophils, allowing the recognition of an extensive repertoire of pathogen-associated(More)
1. Interleukin-1 (IL-1) has been implicated in neurodegeneration and in central nervous system (CNS)-mediated host defence responses to inflammation. All actions of IL-1 identified to date appear to be mediated through its only known functional type I receptor (IL-1RI). However, our recent evidence suggests that some actions of IL-1 in the brain may be(More)
Viral and bacterial pathogens cause inflammation via Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling. We have shown that effective responses to LPS may depend on cooperative interactions between TLR-expressing leukocytes and TLR-negative tissue cells. The aim of this work was to determine the roles of such networks in response to agonists of TLRs associated with(More)
The Toll-like receptor family was originally identified in Drosophila, where it provides important developmental and immunological signalling. In mammals, the developmental signal appears to have been lost, but the immunological defence role of these receptors has been expanded to provide broad recognition of bacterial, fungal, viral and parasitic(More)
The regulation of neutrophil lifespan by induction of apoptosis is critical for maintaining an effective host response and preventing excessive inflammation. The hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) oxygen-sensing pathway has a major effect on the susceptibility of neutrophils to apoptosis, with a marked delay in cell death observed under hypoxic conditions. HIF(More)
Interactions between proinflammatory and cell maturation signals, and the pathways that regulate leukocyte migration, are of fundamental importance in controlling trafficking and recruitment of leukocytes during the processes of innate and adaptive immunity. We have investigated the molecular mechanisms by which selective Toll-like receptor (TLR)2 and TLR4(More)
Rhinoviral infection is an important trigger of acute inflammatory exacerbations in patients with underlying airway disease. We have previously established that interleukin-1β (IL-1β) is central in the communication between epithelial cells and monocytes during the initiation of inflammation. In this study we explored the roles of IL-1β and its signaling(More)