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UNLABELLED Processing radiolabeled degradation products is the key factor affecting retention of antibodies within the cell. In this study, we have analyzed the processing of antibodies labeled in nine different ways. METHODS Antibodies were labeled with three different radioisotopes and seven different forms of 125I. Eight of the radiolabels (except(More)
The murine monoclonal antibody, LL2, is a B-cell (CD22)-specific IgG2a which has been demonstrated to be clinically significant in the radioimmunodetection of non-Hodgkin's B-cell lymphoma. The antibody carries a variable region-appended glycosylation site in the light chain and is rapidly internalized upon binding to Raji target cells. Humanization of LL2(More)
CD22 antibodies (Abs) bound to B-cell lymphomas are known to be internalized and catabolized rapidly. Therefore, it would be expected that use of CD22 as a target for radioimmunotherapy should be enhanced by the use of "residualizing" radiolabels, which are trapped within the cell after catabolism of the Ab to which they had been conjugated. Our study was(More)
An immunoconjugate between doxorubicin and anti-(carcinoembryonic antigen) (CEA) was prepared by using aminodextran (M r=40 000) as the intermediate carrier, and the carbohydrate moiety of the antibody as the linking site. The resulting immunoconjugate was subjected to an in vitro evaluation for the internalization on the target cells (LoVo), and compared(More)
The site-specific conjugation of methotrexate, 4-amino-N10-methylpteroylglutamic acid, to a monoclonal anti-carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) antibody, using an intermediate amino-dextran carrier system, resulted in a ratio of 30-50 molecules of MTX per molecule of immunoglobulin. The immunoreactivity of the conjugate was analyzed using flow cytometry or a(More)
The fate of monoclonal antibodies binding to the surface of human tumor cells in vitro was investigated. Seven antibodies, labeled with 125I, were tested on four cell lines, which included a melanoma and carcinomas of the ovary, kidney, and lung. The antibodies were selected only by the criterion that they not be rapidly internalized via coated pits, so(More)
The successful clinical experience with antibody LL2 (an IgG2a, anti-B-cell lymphoma antibody) in radioimmunodetection and radioimmunotherapy suggests that this antibody may have potential as a carrier of cytotoxic agents. The internalization, cellular trafficking, and catabolism of this antibody in target human Burkitt lymphoma cells (Raji) were(More)
 LL2 is an anti-CD22 pan-B-cell monoclonal antibody which, when radiolabeled, has a high sensitivity for detecting B-cell, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL), as well as an antitumor efficacy in therapeutic applications. The aim of this study was to determine whether intracellularly retained radiolabels have an advantage in the diagnosis and therapy of lymphoma(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) to carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) or alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) were conjugated with diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid and radiolabeled with 90Y at a specific activity of 4.0-6.0 mCi/mg. Approximately 50% of the radiolabeled anti-CEA antibody (90Y-labeled NP-2) bound to an immunoadsorbent containing CEA while analysis by high(More)
BACKGROUND Previous experiments indicated that most antibodies binding to cell surface antigens are internalized gradually and degraded within lysosomes, with a half-life of degradation of approximately 1 day, for most antibodies. The research discussed in this article extended our studies to eight additional antibodies reacting with six different antigens,(More)