Lisa Astalos Chism

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During development, survival of the sexually dimorphic spinal nucleus of the bulbocavernosus (SNB) and its target perineal muscles, the bulbocavernosus (BC) and the levator ani (LA) is androgen-dependent. To define androgen's site of action in masculinizing SNB system structures, we examined whether or not androgen receptors are present in SNB motoneurons(More)
The doctor of nursing practice (DNP) degree has been recommended by the American Association of College of Nursing (AACN) as the terminal degree in nursing practice by 2015 (AACN, 2004). However, confusion regarding this degree still exists. To promote understanding of this degree, the pertinent history of doctoral education in nursing is reviewed. In(More)
Guided by Chism's Middle-Range Theory of Spiritual Empathy, the overarching purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which nursing students' spiritual care perspectives account for their expressions of spiritual empathy. In this descriptive correlational study, spiritual care perspectives accounted for 8.6% of the variance in nursing students'(More)
The purpose of this review is to summarize current information regarding the pathophysiology and management of vaginal atrophy (sometimes called "atrophic vaginitis") and to identify barriers to its treatment with local (or "topical") vaginal estrogen therapy. Relevant clinical trials, meta-analyses, and reviews were identified through the PubMed database.(More)
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