Lisa A Spence

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BACKGROUND Evidence suggests that soy isoflavones act as estrogen agonists and have beneficial skeletal effects, but the effects on calcium metabolism in humans are not known. OBJECTIVE This study tested whether soybean isoflavones, soy protein, or both alter calcium metabolism in postmenopausal women. DESIGN Calcium metabolism in 15 postmenopausal(More)
OBJECTIVE Little research has been conducted on health effects associated with consumption of flavored milk. The purposes of this study were to compare nutrient intakes and body measures among children and adolescents drinking flavored milk (with or without plain milk), exclusively plain milk, and no milk. DESIGN Data used in the study included intakes(More)
BACKGROUND From May 1968 through March 1980, vinyl-lined asbestos-cement (VL/AC) water distribution pipes were installed in New England to avoid taste and odor problems associated with asbestos-cement pipes. The vinyl resin was applied to the inner pipe surface in a solution of tetrachloroethylene (perchloroethylene, PCE). Substantial amounts of PCE(More)
r s m ( BSTRACT bjective Little research has been conducted on health ffects associated with consumption of flavored milk. The urposes of this study were to compare nutrient intakes nd body measures among children and adolescents rinking flavored milk (with or without plain milk), exlusively plain milk, and no milk. esign Data used in the study included(More)
Appropriate nutrient-dense foods and beverages are crucial for children for proper growth and development and to develop healthful lifelong habits. This study investigated children's (ages 8 to 16 y old) perception of sensory intensity, attribute liking and overall liking of unflavored and chocolate lactose-free cow's milk and soy beverages. Products were(More)
The complex interactions between the diet, gut microbiome, and host characteristics that provide a functional benefit to the host are an area of great interest and current exploration in the nutrition and health science community. New technologies are available to assess mechanisms that may explain these functional benefits to the host. One emerging(More)
Limiting dietary sodium intake has been a consistent dietary recommendation. Using NHANES 2007-2010 data, we estimated current sodium intake and modeled the potential impact of a new sodium reduction technology on sodium intake. NHANES 2007-2010 data were used to assess current sodium intake. The National Cancer Institute method was used for usual intake(More)
BACKGROUND Because excessive dietary sodium intake is a major contributor to hypertension, a reduction in dietary sodium has been recommended for the US population. Using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2007-2010 data, we estimated current sodium intake in US population ethnic subgroups and modeled the potential impact of a new(More)
Overweight and obesity are major public health concerns with approximately 32% and 17% of U.S. children aged 2 - 19 being classified as overweight or obese, respectively. While the cause of overweight and obesity is multi-factorial, changes in eating habits and physical activity patterns have been proposed as contributing factors to the obesity epidemic.(More)
The acid ash hypothesis proposed by Wachman and Bernstein (1) in 1968 put forth the paradigm that the net acid produced from the Westernized diet could contribute to the development of osteoporosis. Algorithms designed specifically to quantify the relative acidity of the diet have been developed. These equations are empirically derived relationships between(More)