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Under the guidance of bioassay, the EtOAc extract fraction of the Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Galla Chinese was found to be efficient in inhibiting the NS3 protease of HCV and purified the fraction to get three polyphenol compounds 1,2,6-tri-O-galloyl-beta-D-glucose (1), 1,2,3,6-tetra-O-galloyl-beta-D-glucose (2), and(More)
BACKGROUND Natural products have been an important source of lead compounds for drug discovery. How to find and evaluate bioactive natural products is critical to the achievement of drug/lead discovery from natural products. METHODOLOGY We collected 19,7201 natural products structures, reported biological activities and virtual screening results.(More)
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) is the pathogen of SARS, which caused a global panic in 2003. We describe here the screening of Chinese herbal medicine-based, novel small molecules that bind avidly with the surface spike protein of SARS-CoV and thus can interfere with the entry of the virus to its host cells. We achieved this by(More)
Signaling is initiated through the T Cell Receptor (TCR) when it is engaged by antigenic peptide fragments bound by Major Histocompatibility Complex (pMHC) proteins expressed on the surface of antigen presenting cells (APCs). The TCR complex is composed of the ligand binding TCRαβ heterodimer that associates non-covalently with CD3 dimers (the εδ and εγ(More)
High mobility group AT-hook 2 (HMGA2) is involved in a wide spectrum of biological processes and is upregulated in several tumors. Here, we collected 273 breast cancer (BC) specimens as a training set and 310 specimens as a validation set to examine the expression of HMGA2 by immunohistochemical staining. It was found that HMGA2 expression was significantly(More)
The influenza virus matrix protein 2 (M2) assembles into a tetramer in the host membrane during viral uncoating and maturation. It has been used as a model system to understand the relative contributions of protein-lipid and protein-protein interactions to membrane protein structure and association. Here we investigate the effect of lipid chain length on(More)
Treatment of the chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is an unmet medical need, and the HCV NS3 serine protease (NS3-SP) has been used as an attractive target of antiviral screening against HCV. To find naturally chemical entities as lead compounds from which novel anti-HCV agents could be developed, bioassay-guided fractionation and isolation were(More)
One of the most extensively studied receptor tyrosine kinases is EGFR/ErbB1. Although our knowledge of the role of the extracellular domains and ligands in ErbB1 activation has increased dramatically based on solved domain structures, the exact mechanism of signal transduction across the membrane remains unknown. The transmembrane domains are expected to(More)
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is a multi-component and multi-target agent and could treat complex diseases in a holistic way, especially infection diseases. However, the underlying pharmacology remains unclear. Fortunately, network pharmacology by integrating system biology and polypharmacology provides a strategy to address this issue. In this work,(More)
In comparison to the current target-based screening approach, it is increasingly evident that active lead compounds based on disease-related phenotypes are more likely to be translated to clinical trials during drug development. That is, because human diseases are in essence the outcome of the abnormal function of multiple genes, especially in complex(More)