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Cytokines have been shown to be induced following a variety of central nervous system (CNS) insults, and may play a role in the pathophysiological sequelae of CNS injury. In the present study, we characterized the regional expression of interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) mRNA in specific brain regions following experimental lateral fluid-percussion traumatic(More)
Preferential brain white matter injury and hypomyelination induced by intracerebral administration of the endotoxin lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the neonatal rat brain has been characterized as associated with the activation of microglia. To examine whether inhibition of microglial activation might provide protection against LPS-induced brain injury and(More)
Bilateral carotid artery occlusion (BCAO) followed by exposure to a hypoxic condition (8% oxygen for 10 or 15 min) was performed in postnatal day 4 SD rats. Brain injury and myelination changes were examined on postnatal day 21 (P21) and tests for neurobehavioral toxicity were performed from P3 to P21. BCAO followed by 10 or 15 min hypoxic insult resulted(More)
In the present study, we examined the expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) mRNA i specific brain regions following experimental lateral fluid percussion traumatic brain injury (TBI) in rats. Adult Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 42) were anesthetized with sodium pentobarbital (60 mg/kg, i.p.) and subjected to lateral fluid percussion brain injury(More)
Previous studies from our laboratory have indicated possible interactions between opioidergic and dopaminergic neurons in the central nervous system. In this study, apomorphine-induced locomotor activity and the D1 and D2 subtype dopamine receptor binding were examined in mice lacking the mu-opioid receptor genes. The ambulatory time, vertical time and(More)
Brain inflammation in early life may enhance adult susceptibility to develop neurodegenerative disorders triggered by environmental toxins. Our previous studies show that perinatal lipopolysaccharide (LPS) exposure enhances adult susceptibility to rotenone-induced injury to the dopaminergic system in the substantia nigra (SN) of the adult rat brain. To(More)
Our previous studies indicated that the endogenous opioid system, particularly the mu-opioid receptor, may be involved in the modulation of methamphetamine (METH)-induced increases in locomotor behavior in mice. This study investigates the effects of naloxonazine, a specific mu-opioid receptor antagonist, on the locomotor behavioral response and(More)
To investigate if insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) provides neuroprotection to oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) following cerebral hypoxia-ischemia, a previously developed neonatal rat model of white matter damage was used in this study. Postnatal day 4 (P4) SD rat pups were subjected to bilateral common carotid artery ligation, followed by(More)
To investigate whether minocycline provides long-lasting protection against neonatal hypoxia-ischemia-induced brain injury and neurobehavioral deficits, minocycline was administered intraperitoneally in postnatal day 4 Sprague-Dawley rats subjected to bilateral carotid artery occlusion followed by exposure to hypoxia (8% oxygen for 15 min). Brain injury and(More)
To determine whether intranasal administration (iN) of recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-1 (rhIGF-1) provides neuroprotection to the neonatal rat brain following cerebral hypoxia-ischemia (HI), two doses of rhIGF-1 (50 microg at a 1 h interval) were infused into the right naris of postnatal day 7 (P7) rat pups with or without a prior HI insult(More)