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BACKGROUND The practice of giving certain authors equal credit in original research publications was increasingly common in some specialty. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and characteristics of designating some authors with equally credited authors (ECAs) in major anaesthesia journals. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS The practice of giving(More)
BACKGROUND Reactive oxygen and nitrogen species are key molecules that mediate neuropathic pain. Although hydrogen is an established antioxidant, its effect on chronic pain has not been characterized. This study was to investigate the efficacy and mechanisms of hydrogen-rich normal saline induced analgesia. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS In a rat model of(More)
The extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling pathway participates in various cell responses, such as proliferation, migration, differentiation and death. In neuronal apoptosis, the ERK pathway has been shown to have a dual role. Although the majority of studies have demonstrated the ERK pathway to have an anti-apoptotic role in neurons,(More)
The study examined the global metabolic and some biochemical changes in rats with cholestasis induced by bile duct ligation (BDL). Serum samples were collected in male Wistar rats with BDL (n = 8) and sham surgery (n = 8) at day 3 after surgery for metabolomics analysis using a combination of reversed phase chromatography and hydrophilic interaction(More)
BACKGROUND Mesenchymal stem cell transplantation is a promising method in regenerative medicine. Gene-modified mesenchymal stem cells possess superior characteristics of specific tissue differentiation, resistance to apoptosis, and directional migration. Viral vectors have the disadvantages of potential immunogenicity, carcinogenicity, and complicated(More)
BACKGROUND The nuclear protein high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is a key trigger for the inflammatory reaction during liver ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI). Hydrogen treatment was recently associated with down-regulation of the expression of HMGB1 and pro-inflammatory cytokines during sepsis and myocardial IRI, but it is not known whether hydrogen has an(More)
BACKGROUND Responsiveness of the "jaundiced heart" to propofol is not completely understood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of propofol on myocardial performance in rats with obstructive jaundice. METHODS Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 40) were randomly allocated into two groups, twenty underwent bile duct ligation (BDL), and 20(More)
Objective It has been found that ulinastatin (UTI) can attenuate hepatic injury in a rat model of ischemia reperfusion (IR), but the specific mechanism is unclear. This study aims to investigate possible pathomechanism of ulinastatin in reducing the inflammatory response after hepatic IR. Methods A male sprague-dawley(SD) rat model of hepatic ischemia(More)
The authors report on a 34-year-old man who presented with acute enlargement of an extraspinal mass secondary to a hemorrhage following minor trauma. The mass had been present from birth, had slowly enlarged over time, and previous imaging had suggested an extraspinal fibrolipoma measuring 10 x 6 x 4 cm. Following minor trauma (scratching the skin overlying(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the protective effect of emulsified isoflurane (EI) preconditioning on isolated rat Kupffer cells (KCs) subjected to hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS KCs were isolated by collagenase digestion and purified by Percoll density gradient centrifugation. Primary cultured KCs were divided into five(More)