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PURPOSE Icariin, a flavonoid isolated from the traditional Chinese herbal medicine Epimedium brevicornum Maxim, has been shown to process anti-inflammatory, antioxidative actions and anti-atherosclerosis activity in vivo and in vitro. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects and mechanisms of icariin on atherosclerosis by human umbilical(More)
Icariin is a flavonoid isolated from the traditional Chinese herbal medicine Epimedium brevicornum Maxim and has been reported to be effective for the treatment of a variety of cardiovascular diseases. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect and mechanism of icariin on atherosclerosis (AS) using a high-cholesterol diet (HCD)-induced rat(More)
Quercetin exhibits numerous pharmacological effects, including the capacity for cardioprotection. This study aimed to investigate whether quercetin or its glycoside derivative rutin has any protective action against isoproterenol (ISO) induced cardiac fibrosis, and investigate the structure-activity relationship. Male Wistar rats were injected(More)
Oxidative stress induced by the combined deficiencies of selenium (Se) and vitamin E (VE) is considered the basic factor of Keshan disease (KD). Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is a naturally occurring adrenal androgen that has antioxidant properties. We found that a Se- and VE-deficient diet induced KD lesions in rats, while 0.05, 0.125, and 0.25 g/kg DHEA(More)
Icariin, a flavonoid isolated from the traditional Chinese herbal medicine Epimedium brevicornum Maxim, has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory, anti‑oxidant and anti-atherosclerotic activities in vivo and in vitro. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of icariin on oxidized low‑density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-induced proliferation(More)
Tamoxifen (Tam), a selective estrogen receptor modulator, is in wide clinical use for the treatment and prevention of breast cancer. However, extended TAM administration for breast cancer induces increased VEGF levels in patients, promoting new blood vessel formation and thereby limiting its efficacy and highlighting the need for improved therapeutic(More)
Monosialotetrahexosylganglioside sodium (GM1) is widely used in the treatment of central and peripheral neurological injuries. In addition to its neuroprotective activity, GM1 exerts protective effects on brain microvascular endothelial cells, although the mechanisms underlying these effects remain unclear. The aim of the present study was to clarify the(More)
Puerarin, an isoflavonoid isolated from the traditional Chinese herbal medicine Pueraria lobata (Wild.) Ohwi, has been shown to process antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, anti-hypercholesterolemic, and anti-hyperglycemic activities in vivo and in vitro. The aim of the present study was to investigate the antiproliferative effects and the possible(More)
We investigated the potential protective effect of rutinum (RUT) against pirarubicin- (THP-) induced cardiotoxicity. THP was used to induce toxicity in rat H9c2 cardiomyoblasts. Positive control cells were pretreated with a cardioprotective agent dexrazoxane (DZR) prior to treatment with THP. Some of the cells were preincubated with RUT and a p38(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the effects of excess fluoride on bone turnover under conditions of diet containing different amount of calcium. METHODS The experiment was performed on rats raised on a balanced diet with adequate calcium or a monotonous diet with low calcium and given amount of fluoride in their drinking water (F, 100 mg/L) for 2 months or 1 year. (More)