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A subset of glutamate receptors that are specifically sensitive to the glutamate analog N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) are molecular coincidence detectors, necessary for activity-dependent processes of neurodevelopment and in sensory and cognitive functions. The activity of these receptors is modulated by the endogenous amino acid D-serine, but the extent to(More)
Mutations in the transcriptional repressor methyl CpG binding protein 2 (MeCP2) are responsible for most cases of Rett Syndrome (RS), a severe neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by developmental regression, minimal speech, seizures, postnatal microcephaly and hand stereotypies. Absence of the maternal copy of ubiquitin protein ligase 3A (UBE3A)(More)
Glutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system. Disturbed glutamate signaling resulting in hypofunction of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDAR) has been implicated in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Glutamate Carboxypeptidase II (GCP II) hydrolyzes N-acetyl-alpha L-aspartyl-L-glutamate (NAAG) into(More)
Oxytocin (OXT) is a hypothalamic neuropeptide composed of nine amino acids. The functions of OXT cover a variety of social and nonsocial activity/behaviors. Therapeutic effects of OXT on aberrant social behaviors are attracting more attention, such as social memory, attachment, sexual behavior, maternal behavior, aggression, pair bonding, and trust. The(More)
The expression of glutamate carboxypeptidase II (GCP II) is reduced in selective brain regions in schizophrenic patients. To investigate transcriptional mechanisms regulating the human GCP II gene, a 3460 bp DNA fragment comprised of the proximal 3228 bp of 5' untranscribed sequence and first 232 bp of 5' UTR portion of this gene was cloned into the(More)
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