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Neuroblastoma, an embryonal tumour of the peripheral sympathetic nervous system, accounts for approximately 15% of all deaths due to childhood cancer. High-risk neuroblastomas are rapidly progressive; even with intensive myeloablative chemotherapy, relapse is common and almost uniformly fatal. Here we report the detection of previously unknown mutations in(More)
Immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motifs (ITAMs) are crucial in antigen receptor signaling in acquired immunity. Although receptors associated with the ITAM-bearing adaptors FcRgamma and DAP12 on myeloid cells have been suggested to activate innate immune responses, the mechanism coupling those receptors to 'downstream' signaling events is unclear.(More)
Accumulating evidence indicates that expression of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), typically due to t(2;5) translocation, defines a distinct type of T/null-cell lymphoma (TCL). The resulting nucleophosmin (NPM) /ALK chimeric kinase is constitutively active and oncogenic. Downstream effector molecules triggered by NPM/ALK remain, however, largely(More)
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) play pivotal roles in cell proliferation, differentiation, and survival. Although many studies indicate that the stimulation of GPCRs leads to NF-kappaB activation, the molecular mechanism by which GPCRs induced NF-kappaB activation remains largely unknown. Bcl10 is an essential adaptor molecule connecting antigen(More)
Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK), a receptor tyrosine kinase in the insulin receptor superfamily, was initially identified in constitutively activated oncogenic fusion forms - the most common being nucleophosmin-ALK - in anaplastic large-cell lymphomas, and subsequent studies have identified ALK fusions in diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, systemic(More)
Bcl10 is an intracellular protein essential for nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB activation after lymphocyte antigen receptor stimulation. Using knockout mice, we show that absence of Bcl10 impeded conversion from transitional type 2 to mature follicular B cells and caused substantial decreases in marginal zone and B1 B cells. Bcl10-deficient B cells showed no(More)
UNLABELLED EML4-ALK gene rearrangements define a unique subset of patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), and the clinical success of the anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitor crizotinib in this population has become a paradigm for molecularly targeted therapy. Here, we show that the Hsp90 inhibitor ganetespib induced loss of EML4-ALK(More)
Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (Alk) is a gene expressed in the nervous system that encodes a receptor tyrosine kinase commonly known for its oncogenic function in various human cancers. We have determined that Alk is associated with altered behavioral responses to ethanol in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster, in mice, and in humans. Mutant flies containing(More)
Activating NK cell receptors transduce signals through ITAM-containing adaptors, including FcRgamma and DAP12. Although the caspase recruitment domain (CARD)9-Bcl10 complex is essential for FcRgamma/DAP12-mediated NF-kappaB activation in myeloid cells, its involvement in NK cell receptor signaling is unknown. Herein we show that the deficiency of CARMA1 or(More)
PLCgamma2 plays a critical role in B cell receptor (BCR) signaling and its targeted deletion results in defective B cell development and function. Here, we show that PLCgamma2 deficiency specifically blocks B cell maturation at the transitional type 2 (T2) to follicular (FO) B cell transition and the PLCgamma2 pathway regulates survival of B cells.(More)