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Clinical characteristics, testicular pathology, serum levels of reproductive hormones, and genetic analysis were compared among 100 azoospermic, 20 oligozoospermic cases with azoospermia factor (AZF) microdeletion, and 50 fertile males to evaluate the relationship between the AZF microdeletion regions and the azoospermia phenotype. AZF microdeletion region,(More)
PURPOSE To assess the effects of sperm DNA damage, as determined by the TUNEL assay and the SCSA respectively, on the outcomes of IVF/ICSI treatment. METHODS A Medline search (from Jan 1978 to Apr 2006) was performed, together with a manual search of the bibliographies of retrieved original papers and review articles. 8 articles met all(More)
Suramin is a polysulfonated naphthylurea originally designed as a treatment for trypanosomiasis; but that has also been used to treat rodent models of fulminant hepatic failure and focal brain ischemia. In this study, we determined the effects of suramin on renal ischemia/reperfusion-induced acute kidney injury in mice, in particular its effect when(More)
Benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) often co-exist in contaminated environments. Polychlorobiphenylols (OH-PCBs), formed by CYP-dependent monooxygenation of PCBs, are potent inhibitors of the glucuronidation of hydroxylated BaP metabolites. We hypothesized that OH-PCBs could drive the biotransformation of (-)BaP-7,8-dihydrodiol (BaP-7,(More)
Recently, increasing attention has been given to the self-assembly behavior of polypeptide-based copolymers. Polypeptides can serve as either shell-forming or core-forming blocks in the formation of various aggregates. The solubility and rigidity of polypeptide blocks have been found to have a profound effect on the self-assembly behavior of(More)
As you like it: The synthesis of supramolecular hierarchical nanostructures with designed morphologies has been realized through computer-simulation-guided multicomponent assembly of polypeptide-based block copolymers and homopolymers. By adjusting the attraction between hydrophobic polypeptide rods, as well as other parameters such as the molar ratio of(More)
Hybrid polymeric micelles self-assembled from a mixture containing poly(γ-benzyl-L-glutamate)-block-poly(ethylene glycol) (PBLG-b-PEG) block copolymer and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were prepared. The effect of AuNPs on the self-assembly behavior of PBLG-b-PEG was studied both experimentally by transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy,(More)
The self-assembly behavior of AB/AC amphiphilic diblock copolymer mixtures in dilute solution was studied by a real-space-implemented self-consistent field theory in three dimensions. The AB and AC copolymers have a common hydrophobic block A but different hydrophilic blocks B and C. Two cases were studied: one in which copolymers AB and AC have same(More)
Self-assembly behavior of mixture systems containing poly(γ-benzyl-L-glutamate)-poly(ethylene glycol) graft (PBLG-g-PEG) and block (PBLG-b-PEG) copolymers in aqueous solution was investigated by both experiments and computer simulations. Pure graft copolymers self-assembled into vesicles, and pure block copolymers aggregated into spherical micelles or(More)
A dual-drug-loaded micelle is designed and constructed from a mixture of poly(propylene oxide)-b-poly(γ-benzyl-l-glutamate)-b-poly(ethylene glycol) (PPO-b-PBLG-b-PEG) triblock terpolymers and two model drugs, doxorubicin (DOX) and naproxen (Nap). In the micelles, the DOX is chemically linked to the PBLG backbones through an acid-cleavable hydrazone bond,(More)