Liqiang Yang

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The conventional anode for organic photovoltaics (OPVs), indium tin oxide (ITO), is expensive and brittle, and thus is not suitable for use in roll-to-roll manufacturing of OPVs. In this study, fully solution-processed polymer bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells with anodes made from silver nanowires (Ag NWs) have been successfully fabricated with a(More)
Fluorinated organic molecules exhibit a series of unique features such as great thermal and oxidative stability, elevated resistance to degradation, enhanced hydrophobicity, high lipophobicity of perfluorinated substances, and inverted charge density distribution in fluorinated aromatic compounds. These special features are related to the unique properties(More)
Recent research advances on conjugated polymers for photovoltaic devices have focused on creating low band gap materials, but a suitable band gap is only one of many performance criteria required for a successful conjugated polymer. This work focuses on the design of two medium band gap (~2.0 eV) copolymers for use in photovoltaic cells which are designed(More)
Developing novel materials and device architectures to further enhance the efficiency of polymer solar cells requires a fundamental understanding of the impact of chemical structures on photovoltaic properties. Given that device characteristics depend on many parameters, deriving structure-property relationships has been very challenging. Here we report(More)
Polymers to be used in bulk heterojunction (BHJ) solar cells should maintain a low highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) energy level as well as a narrow band gap in order to maximize the open circuit voltage (V(oc)) and the short circuit current (J(sc)). To concurrently lower the HOMO energy level and the band gap, we propose to modify the(More)
Here we demonstrate a conceptually new approach, the parallel-like bulk heterojunction (PBHJ), which maintains the simple device configuration and low-cost processing of single-junction BHJ cells while inheriting the major benefit of incorporating multiple polymers in tandem cells. In this PBHJ, free charge carriers travel through their corresponding(More)
Ternary solar cells enjoy both an increased light absorption width, and an easy fabrication process associated with their simple structures. Significant progress has been made for such solar cells with demonstrated efficiencies over 7%; however, their fundamental working principles are still under investigation. This Perspective is intended to offer our(More)
The molecular weight (MW) of PBnDT-FTAZ can be precisely controlled by adjusting the stoichiometric ratio of the two monomers, following the Carothers equation. The study of a set of PBnDT-FTAZ polymers with different MWs reveals that the MW significantly influences the morphology and structural order of PBnDTFTAZ in its bulk heterojunction solar cells,(More)
In this work, uniform poly(3-methylthiophene) (P3MT) films are fabricated on indium-tin oxide (ITO) surfaces using surface-initiated Kumada catalyst-transfer polycondensation (SI-KCTP) from surface-bound arylnickel(II) bromide initiators. The P3MT interfacial layer is covalently bound to the ITO surface, thereby preventing possible delamination during the(More)
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