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This article describes the nomenclature, history and genetic evolution of duck hepatitis A virus, and updates the epidemiology, clinical symptom and surveillances of duck virus hepatitis A. It also summarizes the present status and progress of duck virus hepatitis A and illustrated the necessity and urgency of its research, which provides rationale for the(More)
In this study, we provide the first comprehensive annotation of canine interferon-λ (CaIFN-λ, type III IFN). Phylogenetic analysis based on genomic sequences indicated that CaIFN-λ is located in the same branch with Swine IFN-λ1 (SwIFN-λ), Bat IFN-λ1 (BaIFN-λ), and human IFN-λ1 (HuIFN-λ1). CaIFN-λ was cloned, expressed in Escherichia coli, and purified to(More)
Mitochondrial genomes have proved to be powerful tools in resolving phylogenetic relationships. Emberiza chrysophrys (least concern species: IUCN 2013) is a passerine bird in the bunting family, Emberizidae. The complete mitochondrial genome of E. chrysophrys was sequenced. This circular mitochondrial genome was 16,803 bp in length, with an A+T content of(More)
Naemorhedus griseus, vulnerable animal, has undergone a significant decline. Here, we analyzed the complete mitochondrial genome (16,554 bp in length) to supplement the database of N. griseus. The complete mtDNA of N. griseus contained 37 genes (13 protein-coding genes, two rRNA genes and 22 tRNA genes) and a non-coding region (D-loop). Additionally, a(More)
Emberiza rustica, least concern species (IUCN), is a passerine bird in the bunting family with wide geographical range. The complete mitochondrial genome of E. rustica (16,798 bp in length) had been analyzed for building the database. Similar to the typical mtDNA of vertebrates, it contained 37 genes (13 protein-coding genes, 2 rRNA genes and 22 tRNA genes)(More)
Emberiza rutila is a passerine bird of eastern Asia which belongs to the genus Emberiza in the bunting family Emberizidae. The complete mitochondrial genome of E. rutila was obtained for the first time in this study. The circular genome (16,803 bp in length) consists of 37 typical animal mitochondrial genes (13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNA genes, 2(More)
The two-phase ejector refrigeration cycle (TPERC) system with a two-throat nozzle ejector was investigated experimentally, and the entrainment ratio of the ejector and the COP of the system were compared with those of the ejector with Laval nozzle and its TPERC system respectively. The experimental results indicate that under the working condition of the(More)
Authors John Ameriks, Ph.D. Michael Hess Liqian Ren, Ph.D. Executive summary. One of the biggest unresolved issues facing investors and financial services providers is how to optimally generate a reliable stream of retirement income. The array of new products being introduced—such as managed payout funds—attests to the retirement income challenge investors(More)
Anas falcate, near threatened species, has very wide geographical range with an estimated global extent of occurrence. Here, the complete mitochondrial genome of A. falcate (16,601 bp in length) was been analyzed for building the database. Similar to the typical mtDNA of vertebrates, it contained 37 genes (13 protein-coding genes, 2 rRNA genes and 22 tRNA(More)
Emberiza cioides is a passerine bird of eastern Asia which belongs to the genus Emberiza in the bunting family Emberizidae. The complete mitochondrial genome of E. cioides was obtained for the first time. The circular genome (16,765 bp in length) consists of 37 typical animal mitochondrial genes (13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNA genes, 2 ribosomal(More)