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A relatively rare aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 (ALDH1)-positive "stem cell-like" subpopulation of tumor cells has the unique ability to initiate and perpetuate tumor growth; moreover, it is highly resistant to chemotherapy and significantly associated with poor clinical outcomes. The development of more effective therapies for cancer requires targeting of this(More)
Nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) is an antioxidant-activated transcription factor that recently emerged as a critical regulator of cellular defense against oxidative and inflammatory lesions. Resveratrol (Res) is a natural phytoalexin that exhibits multiple therapeutic potentials, including antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects in(More)
We herein disclose a novel chemical series of benzimidazole-ureas as inhibitors of VEGFR-2 and TIE-2 kinase receptors, both of which are implicated in angiogenesis. Structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies elucidated a critical role for the N1 nitrogen of both the benzimidazole (segment E) and urea (segment B) moieties. The SAR results were also(More)
Inhibition of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling pathway has emerged as one of the most promising new approaches for cancer therapy. We describe herein the key steps starting from an initial screening hit leading to the discovery of pazopanib,(More)
OBJECTIVES Many epidemiological studies have recently been published on acute pancreatitis; however, there is no known published report on pancreatitis in China. The present study aims to assess the etiology and mortality of severe acute pancreatitis in China. METHODS Fifteen medical centers located throughout mainland China were involved in this(More)
X-ray crystal structures of the ligand binding domain (LBD) of the estrogen-related receptor-gamma (ERRgamma) were determined that describe this receptor in three distinct states: unliganded, inverse agonist bound, and agonist bound. Two structures were solved for the unliganded state, the ERRgamma LBD alone, and in complex with a coregulator peptide(More)
Tumor endothelial marker 1 (TEM1; also known as endosialin or CD248) is a protein found on tumor vasculature and in tumor stroma. Here, we tested whether TEM1 has potential as a therapeutic target for cancer immunotherapy by immunizing immunocompetent mice with Tem1 cDNA fused to the minimal domain of the C fragment of tetanus toxoid (referred to herein as(More)
Strontium ranelate is a newly approved drug that can reduce the risk of vertebral fracture, which is attributed to its dual function in increasing the bone formation and decreasing the bone resorption. Strontium-containing hydroxyapatite was also demonstrated to stimulate the osteoblast activity and inhibit the osteoclast activity. However, the molecular(More)
BACKGROUND Depression presents a significant burden to both patients and society. One treatment that has emerged is vagus nerve stimulation (VNS), an FDA-approved physical treatment for depressive disorders. However, the application of this intervention has been limited by the involvement of surgery and potential side effects. The aim of this study is to(More)