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Plant mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades play a pivotal role in a range of biotic and abiotic stress responses. In this study, we isolated a novel group D MAPK gene, ZmMPK17, from maize (Zea mays L.). ZmMPK17 is localized mainly to the nucleus and its C-terminal domain extension is believed to be essential for this. Northern-blot analysis(More)
Adefovir is usually applied for therapy of chronic hepatitis B (CHB), but its effectiveness after cessation is still unknown. This study was to evaluate the effectiveness of adefovir treatment with strict cessation criteria in hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-negative patients and to identify potentially important factors. One hundred forty–five HBeAg-negative(More)
Bismuth selenide (Bi2Se3), a new topological insulator, has attracted much attention in recent years owing to its relatively simple band structure and large bulk band gap. Compared to bulk, few-layer Bi2Se3 is recently considered as a highly promising material. Here, we use a liquid-phase exfoliation method to prepare few-layer Bi2Se3 in(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade constitutes a conserved signaling module in eukaryotes. MAPK kinase (MAPKK) plays a crucial role in a MAPK cascade. ZmMEK1 is the first characterized MAPKK gene in maize. Although ZmMEK1 has been studied in detail in biochemical level, the genomic organization of ZmMEK1 gene is obscure. In this research, we(More)
—The Propagation of information in wireless sensor networks (WSN) is critical to the communication. It is necessary and important to design a suitable communication primitive. Among these communication primitives, one distinguished primitive is Publish/Subscribe Communication Generics. This paper introduces current middleware of wireless sensor networks;(More)
Various organisms produce HSPs in response to high temperature and other stresses. The function of heat shock proteins, including small heat shock protein (sHSP), in stress tolerance is not fully explored. To improve our understanding of sHSPs, we isolated ZmHSP16.9 from maize. Sequence alignments and phylogenetic analysis reveal this to be a cytosolic(More)
We have developed a collagen-mRNA platform for controllable protein production that is intended to be less prone to the problems associated with commonly used mRNA therapy as well as with collagen skin-healing procedures. A collagen mimic was constructed according to a recombinant method and was used as scaffold for translating mRNA chains into proteins.(More)