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Sterol accumulation in membranes blocks the exit of SCAP from the ER, preventing SREBP cleavage and reducing cholesterol synthesis. Sterols act through SCAP's sterol-sensing domain by an obscure mechanism. Here, we show that addition of cholesterol to ER membranes in vitro causes a conformational change in SCAP, detected by the unmasking of closely spaced(More)
Plant mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades play a pivotal role in a range of biotic and abiotic stress responses. In this study, we isolated a novel group D MAPK gene, ZmMPK17, from maize (Zea mays L.). ZmMPK17 is localized mainly to the nucleus and its C-terminal domain extension is believed to be essential for this. Northern-blot analysis(More)
In this paper, a novel approach to construct fuzzy classifiers by using support vector machines (SVMs) without bias term is proposed. The connection between fuzzy classifiers and support vector classifiers is investigated, and the link between fuzzy rules and kernels is established. It is showed that the proposed method has the inherent advantage that the(More)
Mining frequent patterns from Web logs is an important data mining task. Candidate-generation-and-test and pattern-growth are two representative frequent pattern mining approaches. We have conducted extensive experiments on real world Web log data to analyse the characteristics of Web logs and the behaviours of these two approaches on Web logs. To improve(More)
BACKGROUND The identification of serial miRNAs targeting the same functional gastric protein could provide new and effective serological biomarkers for the diagnosis of gastric cancer (GC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of miR-20a-5p, let-7a and miR-320a in the diagnosis of AG or GC and the correlation of the three miRNAs with their(More)
Sterol regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBPs) are membrane-bound transcription factors that reside as inactive precursors in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane. After sterol depletion, the proteins are transported to the Golgi apparatus, where they are cleaved by site-1 protease (S1P). Cleavage releases the active transcription factors, which(More)
Various organisms produce HSPs in response to high temperature and other stresses. The function of heat shock proteins, including small heat shock protein (sHSP), in stress tolerance is not fully explored. To improve our understanding of sHSPs, we isolated ZmHSP16.9 from maize. Sequence alignments and phylogenetic analysis reveal this to be a cytosolic(More)
In this study, three alginate fractions with different molecular weights and ratios of mannuronic acid (M) to guluronic acid (G) were prepared by enzymatic hydrolysis and ultrafiltration to assess the antioxidant property of alginates from Laminaria japonica with molecular weight below 10 kDa. The antioxidant properties of different molecular weight(More)
Gold nanoparticles (GNPs) are widely used to detect DNA. We studied the effect of pH on the assembly/ disassembly of single-stranded DNA functionalized GNPs. Based on the different binding affinities of DNA to GNPs, we present a simple and fast way that uses HCl to drive the assembly of GNPs for detection of DNA sequences with single nucleotide differences.(More)