Learn More
Sterol accumulation in membranes blocks the exit of SCAP from the ER, preventing SREBP cleavage and reducing cholesterol synthesis. Sterols act through SCAP's sterol-sensing domain by an obscure mechanism. Here, we show that addition of cholesterol to ER membranes in vitro causes a conformational change in SCAP, detected by the unmasking of closely spaced(More)
Plant mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades play a pivotal role in a range of biotic and abiotic stress responses. In this study, we isolated a novel group D MAPK gene, ZmMPK17, from maize (Zea mays L.). ZmMPK17 is localized mainly to the nucleus and its C-terminal domain extension is believed to be essential for this. Northern-blot analysis(More)
BACKGROUND The identification of serial miRNAs targeting the same functional gastric protein could provide new and effective serological biomarkers for the diagnosis of gastric cancer (GC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of miR-20a-5p, let-7a and miR-320a in the diagnosis of AG or GC and the correlation of the three miRNAs with their(More)
Various organisms produce HSPs in response to high temperature and other stresses. The function of heat shock proteins, including small heat shock protein (sHSP), in stress tolerance is not fully explored. To improve our understanding of sHSPs, we isolated ZmHSP16.9 from maize. Sequence alignments and phylogenetic analysis reveal this to be a cytosolic(More)
In this study, three alginate fractions with different molecular weights and ratios of mannuronic acid (M) to guluronic acid (G) were prepared by enzymatic hydrolysis and ultrafiltration to assess the antioxidant property of alginates from Laminaria japonica with molecular weight below 10 kDa. The antioxidant properties of different molecular weight(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascade constitutes a conserved signaling module in eukaryotes. MAPK kinase (MAPKK) plays a crucial role in a MAPK cascade. ZmMEK1 is the first characterized MAPKK gene in maize. Although ZmMEK1 has been studied in detail in biochemical level, the genomic organization of ZmMEK1 gene is obscure. In this research, we(More)
BACKGROUND Variant in pri-miRNA could affect miRNA expression and mature process or splicing efficiency, thus altering the hereditary susceptibility and prognosis of cancer. We aimed to assess miRNA-let-7 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) associated with the risk and prognosis of gastric cancer (GC) as predicting biomarkers, and furthermore, its(More)
Glutathione S-transferase P1 (GSTP1) is a critical enzyme in the phase II detoxification pathway. One of the common functional polymorphisms of GSTP1 is A→G at nucleotide 313, which results in an amino acid substitution (Ile105Val) at the substrate binding site and reduced catalytic activity. We evaluated the interaction between GSTP1 Val allele and(More)