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More than 70% of decidual lymphocytes are NK cells characterized by CD56(bright)CD16(-) phenotype, but the mechanisms by which these NK cells are recruited in the decidua are still almost unrevealed. In this study, we first analyzed the transcription of 18 chemokine receptors in the first-trimester decidual CD56(bright)CD16(-) NK cells. Among these(More)
Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase-1 (IDO1) is an intracellular enzyme that catalyses essential amino acid tryptophan along the kynurenine pathway. The aim of this study was to determine the impact of IDO1 expression on the biological characteristic of the endometrial stromal cells (ESCs). IDO1, cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in(More)
BACKGROUND Chemokine CXCL8 (also known as IL-8) has been identified as a potential regulator of endometrial stromal cells (ESCs), but it is unclear how CXCL8 regulates the survival of ESCs in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. METHODS We assessed the secretion of CXCL8 by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays and the expression of its receptors, CXCR1 and(More)
BACKGROUND The aim was to evaluate the risk for major hemorrhage complications (MHC) prior to percutaneous renal biopsy and apply a specific procedure in high-risk patients to decrease their incidence. Hemorrhage complications that required blood transfusion or other interventions were diagnosed as MHC. METHODS One retrospective (Group A, n = 1314) and(More)
The present study was undertaken to analyze the changes in the proportion of CD4(+)CD25(bright) regulatory T (Treg) cells and the expression of costimulatory molecules, CTLA-4 and CD28, in the peripheral blood and deciduas in the setting of non-pregnancy, normal early pregnancy and miscarriage. In this study, we showed that CD4(+)CD25(bright) T cells(More)
The nonobese diabetic (NOD) mouse is a good model for human type 1 diabetes, which is characterized by autoreactive T-cell-mediated destruction of insulin-producing islet beta-cells of the pancreas. The 9-23 amino acid region of the insulin B-chain [B((9-23))] is an immunodominant T-cell target antigen in the NOD mouse that plays a critical role in the(More)
PROBLEM  To evaluate whether the association of the costimulatory signal regulation with T helper 1/T helper 2 (Th1/Th2) bias at maternal-fetal interface in human pregnancy loss. METHOD OF STUDY  The expression of CD80 and CD86 in decidual tissues and CD28 and cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen-4 (CTLA-4) in the decidual T cells was compared between normal(More)
Thymic stromal lymphopoietins (TSLPs) play critical roles in dendritic cell-mediated immune responses. In this study, we found that human trophoblasts and decidual epithelial cells in maternal-fetal interface of early placentas express TSLP mRNA and protein, but only trophoblast cells secret soluble TSLP. Human decidual CD1c(+) DCs (dDCs) highly express the(More)
T helper 17 (Th17) cells have both regulatory and protective roles in physiological conditions. The Th17 subset and the cytokine interleukin-17A (IL-17A) have been implicated in the pathogenesis of certain autoimmune diseases, several types of cancer and allograft rejection. However, the role of Th17 cells at the maternal/fetal interface remains unknown.(More)
A pregnancy is associated with modifications in the immune status of the mother, but the mechanisms are not well understood. Several observations have indicated that CD28/CTLA-4 and B7-1/B7-2 are involved in the maternal-fetal immune regulation. This review aims to recapitulate our current knowledge concerning the role of CD28/CTLA-4 and B7-1/B7-2 in(More)