Lior Horonchik

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The pathological prion protein PrP(Sc) is the only known component of the infectious prion. In cells infected with prions, PrP(Sc) is formed posttranslationally by the refolding of the benign cell surface glycoprotein PrP(C) into an aberrant conformation. The two PrP isoforms possess very different properties, as PrP(Sc) has a protease-resistant core, forms(More)
Prions replicate in the host cell by the self-propagating refolding of the normal cell surface protein, PrP(C), into a beta-sheet-rich conformer, PrP(Sc). Exposure of cells to prion-infected material and subsequent endocytosis can sometimes result in the establishment of an infected culture. However, the relevant cell surface receptors have remained(More)
During prion diseases, the host protein PrPC is refolded into an abnormal conformer "prion" PrPSc. Histological and pharmacological data have suggested that glycosaminoglycans may be involved in the development of prion diseases. Here we present the first direct evidence that cellular glycosaminoglycans play a role in the biogenesis of PrPSc in(More)
During prion diseases the normal prion protein PrP(C) is refolded into an abnormal conformer PrP(Sc). We have studied the PrP(Sc) inhibiting activity of a library of synthetic heparan mimetic (HM) biopolymers. HMs are chemically derived dextrans obtained by successive substitutions with carboxymethyl, benzylamide, and sulfate groups on glucose residues.(More)
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