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Trophically transmitted parasites are likely to strongly influence food web-structure. The extent to which they change the trophic ecology of their host remains nevertheless poorly investigated and field evidence is lacking. This is particularly true for acanthocephalan parasites whose invertebrate hosts can prey on other invertebrates and contribute to(More)
BACKGROUND Newborns and infants seem to be at greater risk of bupivacaine cardiotoxicity than adults do. Few experiments have studied the effects of local anesthetics on myocardium associated with developmental changes, and their conclusions are conflicting. The authors compared the effects of bupivacaine on an isolated heart preparation in newborn and(More)
The frequency and characteristics of definite lumbar scoliosis in an adult common low-back pain population (n = 671) were assessed by a clinical and radiologic prospective study. The prevalence was 7.5% (N = 50), increasing with age: 2% before 45 years; 15% after 60 years. Scoliosis was revealed by low-back pain in adulthood in 86% of the cases. The mean(More)
OBJECTIVE In children, like in adults, tracheal intubation is a painful procedure that may induce hypertension, tachycardia, and other undesirable hemodynamic disorders. Although premature neonates are very sensitive to pain and vulnerable to its long-term effects, the need for sedation before tracheal intubation is still discussed in neonatal units. Our(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To compare the incidence of maternal hypotension associated with spinal anesthesia for cesarean section when 10-, 15-, or 20-mg prophylactic boluses of intravenous (IV) ephedrine are used. DESIGN Prospective observational study. SETTING Teaching hospital. PATIENTS 108 women admitted for elective cesarean section. INTERVENTIONS Spinal(More)
The main impediment to effective ex vivo liver gene therapy of metabolic diseases is the lack of experimental work on large animals to resolve such important issues as effective gene delivery, cell-processing techniques, and the development of appropriate vectors. We have used a nonhuman primate, as a preclinical model, to analyze the limiting steps of this(More)
BACKGROUND The transplantation of isolated hepatocytes in large animals, including nonhuman primates, must be evaluated before clinical trials are performed. However, in the absence of large transgenic animals and large-animal (as opposed to small-animal) models of genetic deficiencies, it is difficult to evaluate the fate of transplanted hepatocytes, their(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess tracheal intubation conditions after induction of anaesthesia with remifentanil and propofol, using itemized scoring criteria. STUDY DESIGN Clinical, prospective, open, non comparative trial. PATIENTS One hundred consecutive patients undergoing surgery not requiring muscle relaxation, during the study period extended over 12 months.(More)
BACKGROUND Because of the renewed interest in intubation in children without relaxants, over a period of 1 month, the anaesthesiologists of five paediatric universitary teaching hospitals were asked to complete a questionnaire each time they performed a tracheal intubation without muscle relaxant. METHODS Intubating conditions were assessed with five(More)
To study the relationship between osteoarthritis (OA) and osteoporosis (OP), radiographic osteoarthritis lesions of the hands (HOA) were quantified in 300 healthy women, aged 75 years or more, as a subgroup of a cohort originally recruited for a multi-centre study of risk factors for femoral neck fracture. The HOA combined score (i.e. the sum of the grades(More)