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Idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) characterized by unexplained and persistent hypereosinophilia is heterogeneous and comprises several entities: a myeloproliferative form where myeloid lineages are involved with the interstitial chromosome 4q12 deletion leading to fusion between FIP1L1 and PDGFRA genes, the latter acquiring increased tyrosine(More)
Calcium stone formers (CaSF) with idiopathic hypercalciuria (IH) have been shown to have decreased bone mineral density (BMD). The mechanism of their bone loss remains obscure. Monokines like interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and granulocyte macrophage stimulating factor (GM-CSF) are involved in bone remodeling,(More)
We report here the presence of very high serum levels of the soluble interleukin-2 receptor (sIL-2R) in patients with blood hypereosinophilia with or without detectable markers of malignancy or signs of visceral involvement. The highest sIL-2R levels were observed in 16 eosinophilic patients with T-cell lymphoma (3,440 to 79,500 U/mL). Elevated levels of(More)
BACKGROUND Anti-filaggrin antibodies (AFA) are among the most specific antibodies for rheumatoid arthritis, so procedures for their detection should be included in early biological diagnoses. AFA can be detected by indirect immunofluorescence (anti-keratin antibodies, AKA) or by new enzyme immunoassays (EIA). Their comparative performance needs to be(More)
Human endogenous retroviral sequences (HERVs) are believed to be possible pathogenic agents in carcinogenesis. HERV-K is the most biologically active form, since members of this family have intact open reading frames for the gag, pol or env genes. Antibody response against HERV-K peptides has been reported in leukemia patients, suggesting a possible(More)
Interleukin 5 (IL-5), the major factor involved in eosinophil differentiation, is produced by T cells or mast cells. In the present study, we found that eosinophils infiltrating the mucosa of four patients with active coeliac disease also express the IL-5 mRNA. No positive signal was obtained in normal duodenum tissues and in the cell infiltrate from(More)
BACKGROUND Mucosal erosions can be a presenting feature of the hypereosinophilic syndrome. The aim of this study was to analyze in situ the presence of eosinophil proteins and the state of eosinophil activation. Biopsy specimens of mucosal lesions and normal skin were taken from two men with oral and genital erosions typical of hypereosinophilic syndrome.(More)
Eosinophils are not only the source of cytotoxic and proinflammatory mediators but they can also generate cytokines and growth factors, including their own factors of differentiation, namely IL-3, GM-CSF, and IL-5. Synthesis of IL-5 by eosinophils was demonstrated by in situ hybridization and immunostaining in a variety of diseases, such as coeliac disease,(More)
Several experimental approaches have been used to identify immunoglobulin (IgE) binding molecules expressed by human eosinophils. After the description that Fc epsilon RII/CD23 identified on eosinophils could participate in IgE binding and IgE-mediated cytotoxicity, Mac2/epsilon binding proteins belonging to the S-type lectin family were also detected on(More)