Lionel Porcar

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Plants respond to changes in light quality by regulating the absorption capacity of their photosystems. These short-term adaptations use redox-controlled, reversible phosphorylation of the light-harvesting complexes (LHCIIs) to regulate the relative absorption cross-section of the two photosystems (PSs), commonly referred to as state transitions. It is(More)
The shear-induced microstructure of a shear-induced phase separating (SIPS) wormlike micellar solution is measured by combining small-angle neutron scattering with a shear cell capable of gap-resolved measurement in the 1-2 (velocity-velocity gradient) plane. Quantitative results show evidence for shear-induced microphase separation accompanied by shear(More)
Diatoms possess effective photoprotection mechanisms, which may involve reorganizations in the photosynthetic machinery. We have shown earlier, by using circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy, that in Phaeodactylum tricornutum the pigment–protein complexes are arranged into chiral macrodomains, which have been proposed to be associated with the multilamellar(More)
The phase separation and molecular intermixing in poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT)/[6,6]-phenyl-C61 butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) bulk heterojunction thin films are investigated as a function of the overall PCBM content. The structural length scales, phase sizes, and molecular miscibility ratio in bulk heterojunction films are probed with grazing incidence(More)
A fast atomic force microscope (AFM) has been developed that can be installed as a sample holder for grazing-incidence X-ray experiments at solid/gas or solid/liquid interfaces. It allows a wide range of possible investigations, including soft and biological samples under physiological conditions (hydrated specimens). The structural information obtained(More)
We investigate the multilayered structures of poly(ethylene)oxide/montmorillonite nanocomposite films made from solution. The shear orientation of a polymer-clay network in solution combined with simultaneous solvent evaporation leads to supramolecular multilayer formation in the film. The resulting films have highly ordered structures with sheet-like(More)
Lipid translocation in membranes is still far from being understood and well characterized for natural cell membranes as well as for simpler bilayer model systems. Several discrepancies with respect to its occurrence and its characteristic time scale are present in the literature. In the current work, the structural changes induced by lipid rearrangement in(More)
Shear-induced structural transitions of a micellar cubic phase during large amplitude oscillatory shear flow is studied with time-resolved oscillatory rheological small angle neutron scattering. This technique allows us to resolve the structural changes within a cycle of oscillation. By applying a strain rate near the critical melting shear rate, melting(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are a major class of biopharmaceuticals. It is hypothesized that some concentrated mAb solutions exhibit formation of a solution phase consisting of reversibly self-associated aggregates (or reversible clusters), which is speculated to be responsible for their distinct solution properties. Here, we report direct observation of(More)
In the native bovine casein micelle the calcium sensitive caseins (α(S1)-, α(S2)- and β-casein) sequester amorphous calcium phosphate in nanometer-sized clusters, whereas the calcium-insensitive κ-casein limits the growth of the micelle. In this paper, we further investigate the self-association of κ- and β-casein, which are two of the key proteins that(More)