Lionel Kim Hock Lee

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The timing, pattern, and pathway of astrocyte migration were investigated in vivo by transplantation of CD-1 mouse cerebral cortex (E13-14) or corpus callosum (P2-3) into neonatal rat cortex. A monoclonal antibody specific for a mouse astrocyte surface antigen (M2) was used to identify the location of the grafts and the migrated donor astrocytes. Within the(More)
Blast injury to the brain is one of the major causes of death and can also significantly affect cognition and physical and psychological skills in survivors of blast. The complex mechanisms via which blast injury causes impairment of cognition and other symptoms are poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the effects of varying degrees of primary(More)
This study investigated the behavioral mechanisms underlying the anxiogenic, or anxiolytic mediated effects of CCK(2) receptor mediated agonist (CCK-4) and antagonist drugs (LY225910, LY288513, CR2945) in PVG hooded and Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats using the elevated plus maze test apparatus. In addition, the effects of a CCK(1) antagonist (CR1409) were(More)
Weather factors are widely studied for their effects on indicating dengue incidence trends. However, these studies have been limited due to the complex epidemiology of dengue, which involves dynamic interplay of multiple factors such as herd immunity within a population, distinct serotypes of the virus, environmental factors and intervention programs. In(More)
This study aims to investigate the therapeutic potential of adult bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs). Exposed to a cocktail of induction medium, some BMSCs could differentiate into cell types with phenotypes of neural lineages in vitro. These cells expressed neural markers nestin, GFAP, 68-kDa neurofilament and beta-tubulin III as detected by(More)
PVG hooded, but not Sprague-Dawley (SD), rats showed remarkable freezing behavior on cat exposure. Experiments using cDNA microarray and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) demonstrated that cholecystokinin (CCK)2 receptors were expressed to a greater extent in the PVG hooded rats. A CCK2 antagonist, LY225910, inhibited freezing(More)
PURPOSE To develop a high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method with photodiode-array ultraviolet detection for the simultaneous determination of vitamin C, vitamin E and beta-carotene. METHODS Following liquid-phase extraction from the human plasma samples, these three vitamins were successfully separated on the LiChrospher 100 RP-18 column(More)
Several studies have shown that the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) I allele is associated with enhanced physical performance. We investigated whether this phenomenon is observed in a cohort of 67 Chinese men in Singapore. Angiotensin-converting enzyme ID polymorphism was typed with PCR method and maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2max)) of the DD, ID, and II(More)
Injection of cholinomimetics into the medial pontine reticular formation (mPRF) of intact, unanesthetized cat causes a rapid eye movement (REM) sleep-like state and respiratory depression. The mPRF contains no concentrations of respiratory neurons, and this study examined the hypothesis that respiratory depression evoked from the mPRF is synaptically(More)
In this study, 12 Y-STR loci (DYS19, DYS389I, DYS389II, DYS390, DYS391, DYS392, DYS393, DYS385a/b, DYS437, DYS438 and DYS439) were genotyped in the three major ethnic populations in Singapore, namely the Chinese, Malay and Indian. Allele frequency distribution, locus diversity, haplotype diversity and discrimination capacity were estimated. Analysis of(More)