Lionel Gresh

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The p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway plays a critical role in skeletal muscle differentiation. However, the relative contribution of the four p38 MAPKs (p38alpha, p38beta, p38gamma and p38delta) to this process is unknown. Here we show that myoblasts lacking p38alpha, but not those lacking p38beta or p38delta, are unable to differentiate(More)
Mutations in cystic kidney disease genes represent a major genetic cause of end-stage renal disease. However, the molecular cascades controlling the expression of these genes are still poorly understood. Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1beta (HNF1beta) is a homeoprotein predominantly expressed in renal, pancreatic and hepatic epithelia. We report here that mice(More)
Hepatoblastoma, the most common pediatric liver cancer, is tightly linked to excessive Wnt/beta-catenin signaling. Here, we used microarray analysis to identify two tumor subclasses resembling distinct phases of liver development and a discriminating 16-gene signature. beta-catenin activated different transcriptional programs in the two tumor types, with(More)
OATP-C (SLC21A6) is the predominant Na(+)-independent uptake system for bile salts and bilirubin of human liver and is expressed exclusively at the basolateral (sinusoidal) hepatocyte membrane. To investigate the basis of liver-specific expression of OATP-C, we studied promoter function in the two hepatocyte-derived cell lines HepG2 and Huh7 and in(More)
The inactivation of the Hnf1beta gene identified an essential role in epithelial differentiation of the visceral endoderm and resulted in early embryonic death. In the present study, we have specifically inactivated this gene in hepatocytes and bile duct cells using the Cre/loxP system. Mutant animals exhibited severe jaundice caused by abnormalities of the(More)
Retinoic acid (RA) generated by Raldh2 in paraxial mesoderm is required for specification of the posterior hindbrain, including restriction of Hoxb1 expression to presumptive rhombomere 4 (r4). Hoxb1 expression requires 3' and 5' RA response elements for widespread induction up to r4 and for r3/r5 repression, but RA has previously been detected only from(More)
The noncoding Xist RNA triggers silencing of one of the two female X chromosomes during X inactivation in mammals. Gene silencing by Xist is restricted to a special developmental context in early embryos and specific hematopoietic precursors. Here, we show that Xist can initiate silencing in a lymphoma model. We identify the special AT-rich binding protein(More)
The intestinal epithelium is a complex system characterized by massive and continuous cell renewal and differentiation. In this context, cell-type-specific transcription factors are thought to play a crucial role by modulating specific transcription networks and signalling pathways. Hnf1alpha and beta are closely related atypical homeoprotein transcription(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The portal tracts contain bile ducts associated with branches of the portal vein and of the hepatic artery. Hepatic artery malformations are found in diseases in which fetal biliary structures persist after birth (ductal plate malformations). Here we investigated how hepatic artery malformations relate to abnormal bile duct development. (More)