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Patients from England, Austria, and Australia with recently diagnosed juvenile-onset insulin-dependent diabetes (type 1) mellitus (IDDM) and matched controls were tested for specific IgM responses to Coxsackie B1-5 viruses. 37 of 122 (30%) patients aged less than 15, but only 15 of 204 (6%) controls, were positive (p less than 0.005). Differences in(More)
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) has two major antigenic groups, A and B. There is disagreement as to whether or not there is a difference in the clinical severity of disease caused by the two RSV groups. This 3-year prospective study of infants and children with RSV-positive bronchiolitis examines the relative virulence of RSV Groups A and B and assesses(More)
We report a child with cartilage-hair hypoplasia and Hodgkin's disease who developed progressive renal failure and died following infection with a polyomavirus, BK virus. Renal biopsy showed interstitial inflammation, tubular atrophy, and intranuclear inclusions in tubular epithelium, with large numbers of papovavirus particles within the cells. BK virus(More)
A study over a 5-year period (1979-1983) of RSV infections in children in Sydney, Australia is reported. In common with findings made elsewhere in the world, annual epidemics of RSV infection commencing in autumn and lasting 4-6 months, with peak activity in mid-winter, were observed in 1979, 1980, and 1983. However, in 1981 and 1982 virus activity was(More)
A case of brain-stem encephalitis with strong serologic evidence of acute Epstein-Barr virus infection is described. Recovery was rapid without treatment, but mild neurologic sequelae were seen at 6-month follow-up. Epstein-Barr virus infection in childhood may be asymptomatic and heterophil antibody negative. Encephalitis is an unusual but well-recognized(More)
We report the case of a two year old boy who developed a large tumour on his face. The lesion resembled a pyogenic granuloma clinically and histologically. Viral studies indicated a parapox infection and a bovine source was supported on epidemiological grounds. The lesion was removed by shave excision and the area healed without significant scarring.
Fresh, grated coconut has been found to be an excellent medium for aflatoxin production by Aspergillus flavus. Under optimal conditions, yields of 8 mg of total aflatoxin per g of substrate were obtained. Continuous agitation of the growth medium under moist conditions at 24 C produced highest yields. Aflatoxin was assayed both biologically and(More)