Lionel Collet

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In this study, an original psychometric procedure was used in order to characterize in more detail than in previous studies the different perceptual components of tinnitus, i.e. auditory sensations which are perceived in the absence of a corresponding external acoustic stimulus. Ten subjects with chronic tinnitus were asked to rate on a numeric scale the(More)
Clinical hyperacusis consists of a marked intolerance to ordinary environmental sounds, while hearing thresholds are quite often normal. Hyperacusis appears to be a subjective phenomenon, which is not easily defined or quantified by objective measurements. In order to create a tool suitable to quantify and evaluate various hyperacusis symptoms, a(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the temporal relationship between speech auditory brainstem responses and acoustic pattern of the phoneme /ba/. METHODS Speech elicited auditory brainstem responses (Speech ABR) to /ba/ were recorded in 23 normal-hearing subjects. Effect of stimulus intensity was assessed on Speech ABR components latencies in 11 subjects. The(More)
The relation between Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) and tinnitus was examined in 100 subjects with tinnitus disorders. The overall profile of tinnitus sufferers on the MMPI was normal. Higher scores on the depression scale were obtained in males. High hypochondria scores were related to long duration of tinnitus. High psychoasthenia(More)
1. Outer hair cells (OHCs) have active micromechanical properties that are thought to be the origin of evoked otoacoustic emissions (EOAEs). In the present study, click-evoked otoacoustic emissions were recorded in humans with or without various contralateral acoustic stimulations. A previous study, concentrating on contralateral stimulation with broadband(More)
To investigate the involvement of auditory efferents in hearing-in-noise in humans, olivocochlear bundle (OCB) functioning and detection-in-noise abilities were compared in 30 subjects. OCB function was assessed in terms of contralateral attenuation of evoked otoacoustic emissions (EOAE): i.e., the reduction in EOAE amplitude elicited by a 30-dB SL(More)
The mammalian auditory system contains descending pathways that originate in the cortex and relay at various intermediate levels before reaching the peripheral sensory organ of Corti. The last link in this chain consists of the olivocochlear bundle. The activity of this bundle can be measured through otoacoustic emissions, which are acoustic signatures of(More)
The auditory sensory end organ is under the control of the central nervous system via efferent projections. Contralateral suppression of otoacoustic emissions (acoustic signatures of the cochlear biomechanical activity) provides a non-invasive approach to assess olivocochlear efferent activity in humans. Using this approach, the present study compared(More)
Intracochlear recordings in cochlear implant recipients provide access to the electrically evoked compound action potential (ECAP). ECAP thresholds are potential predictors of speech processor map's threshold and comfortable loudness levels. The auditory nerve's refractory properties can influence these levels due to high-rate stimulation with interpulse(More)
It is now generally accepted that otoacoustic emissions (OAE) represent the only objective and non-intrusive means of functional exploration of the active micromechanical characteristics of the outer hair cells of the organ of Corti. Previous studies showed a decrease of the transiently evoked otoacoustic emissions and spontaneous otoacoustic emissions in(More)