Lionel Aigouy

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PURPOSE To determine the efficacy and side effects of prone positioning (PP) and nitric oxide (NO) inhalation, alone, associated, or combined with i.v. almitrine for the treatment of hypoxaemia in severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). METHODS Over a period of 20 months, 27 consecutive critically ill patients with severe ARDS (Murray score >(More)
This study was designed to determine the conditions that promote carbon dioxide embolism after venous injury during laparoscopy in pigs. Injury to an iliac vein was filmed during laparoscopy in the presence of a pneumoperitoneum created at increasing pressures from 0 to 30 mm Hg in 5-mm Hg increments. At intraperitoneal pressures less than 20 mm Hg, there(More)
We show that apertureless scanning near-field optical microscopes that use sharp vibrating conical tips can be operated in liquid environments. We have investigated the damping of the tip oscillation as a function of its shape and as a function of its depth under the liquid surface. The degradation of the quality factor from 150 in air down to 15 in liquid(More)
The antinociceptive properties of intrathecal midazolam (15 and 30 micrograms) and intrathecal morphine (30 micrograms) were compared using an adaptation of the formalin test to the orofacial region in rats. Both midazolam and morphine were effective in reducing the nociceptive response of the second phase of this biphasic pain test. Only midazolam (30(More)
With the aim of analyzing the properties of the waves that are scattered by nanoslits on metallic surfaces, we provide a direct observation of the near-field in a slit-doublet experiment at optical wavelengths. We show that two distinct waves are involved: a surface plasmon polariton and another wave with a free-space character. From the recorded data, we(More)
The present study was undertaken to find out if a hyperalgesia can be observed 1 week after a conditioning stimulation of the orofacial area of the rat. Sprague-Dawley rats received a left infraorbital infiltration with either bupivacaine or saline and then, 30 min thereafter, an injection of either saline or 10% formalin solution in the left upper lip.(More)
Strong electric-field enhancements at the apex of a tungsten tip illuminated by an external light source were recently predicted theoretically. We present an experimental study of the dependence of this effect on the polarization angle of the incident light. It is shown that the intensity of the light scattered by the tungsten tip of an apertureless(More)
The possible existence of long-term modifications in response to a transient nociceptive conditioning stimulation was investigated in the rat in three experiments. (1) A nociceptive conditioning stimulus was delivered in the form of a s.c. formalin injection (conditioning injection) in the left upper lip. Evaluation of the nociceptive behaviour triggered by(More)
We show that the main mechanism for the dc voltage or dc current induced insulator-metal transition in vanadium dioxide VO(2) is due to local Joule heating and not a purely electronic effect. This "tour de force" experiment was accomplished by using the fluorescence spectra of rare-earth doped micron sized particles as local temperature sensors. As the(More)
A scanning thermal microscope that uses a fluorescent particle as a temperature probe has been developed. The particle, made of a rare-earth ion-doped fluoride glass, is glued at the extremity of a sharp tungsten tip and scanned on the surface of an electronic device. The temperature of the device is determined by measuring the fluorescence spectrum of the(More)