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In Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITSs), vehicles are required to periodically broadcast and exchange beacon messages to ensure the cooperative awareness of vehicles in the vicinity. This knowledge is a critical item for safety applications in ITSs. Due to the fast movement of vehicles, the beacon broadcasting frequency (i.e. beacon rate) is related to(More)
Electroporation is a common but efficient method for cell therapy. Pulses of duration ranging from microsecond to nanosecond with specific voltage have been studied in recent 20 years. Since electric field is also an important factor for effects on cell pore formation, we apply 100 ns and 10 ns pulses by varying their voltage acting on the complex cell(More)
The effects of electric field on lipid membrane and cells have been extensively studied in the last decades. The phenomena of electroporation and electrofusion are of particular interest due to their wide use in cell biology and biotechnology. However, numerical studies on the electrofusion of cells (or vesicles) with different deformed shapes are still(More)
When cells are exposed to very short and high strength electric pulses, they will deform from spherical shape to ellipsoidal shape, and these effects may occur on cellular and organelles. Because of their potential clinical applications, selective effects on organelles are of particular interest. In this work, we use the finite element method to investigate(More)
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