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Microbes play key roles in various biogeochemical processes, including carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) cycling. However, changes of microbial community at the functional gene level by livestock grazing, which is a global land-use activity, remain unclear. Here we use a functional gene array, GeoChip 4.0, to examine the effects of free livestock grazing on the(More)
Tibet is one of the most threatened regions by climate warming, thus understanding how its microbial communities function may be of high importance for predicting microbial responses to climate changes. Here, we report a study to profile soil microbial structural genes, which infers functional roles of microbial communities, along four sites/elevations of a(More)
Currently the development of large scale electric vehicles have become governments' focus of attention. Based on the research of charging and discharging power models, the paper puts forward the island formation strategy and establishes the distribution system reliability model with the electric vehicles. The Monte Carlo time sequential simulation is used(More)
Soil types heavily influence ecological dynamics. It remains controversial to what extent soil types shape microbial responses to land management changes, largely due to lack of in-depth comparison across various soil types. Here, we collected samples from three major zonal soil types spanning from cold temperate to subtropical climate zones. We examined(More)
With the rapid development of wind power generation, it is significant to study the impacts of wind farms on power system reliability. A general probabilistic model of a wind farm is proposed in this paper. The wind farm is modeled as a conventional unit with multiple states. The model could be used in conventional power system adequacy assessment utilizing(More)
It is of great interest to elucidate underlying mechanisms to maintain stability of anaerobic digestion, an important process in waste treatment. By operating triplicate anaerobic digesters continuously for two years, we found that microbial community composition shifted over time despite stable process performance. Using an association network analysis to(More)
To examine microbial responses to climate change, we used a microarray-based metagenomics tool named GeoChip 4.0 to profile soil microbial functional genes along four sites/elevations of a Tibetan mountainous grassland. We found that microbial communities differed among four elevations. Soil pH, temperature, NH4 (+)-N and vegetation diversity were four(More)
BACKGROUND Bacteriophage-prokaryote dynamics and interaction are believed to be important in governing microbiome composition and ecosystem functions, yet our limited knowledge of the spatial and temporal variation in phage and prokaryotic community compositions precludes accurate assessment of their roles and impacts. Anaerobic digesters are ideal model(More)
As climate cooling is increasingly regarded as important natural variability of long-term global warming trends, there is a resurging interest in understanding its impact on biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Here, we report a soil transplant experiment from lower to higher elevations in a Tibetan alpine grassland to simulate the impact of cooling on(More)
The paper focuses on the study of environmental effects that electric vehicle might cause if they were connected to the distribution grid. A comprehensive evaluation index system is proposed in a quantitative way to describe the environmental effects, such as the pollutant reduction validity and greenhouse gas reduction validity. In order to ensure the(More)