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Fecal egg count (FEC) has been widely used as an indicator of host resistance to gastrointestinal parasites in sheep and has been shown to be a heritable trait. Two other possible indicators of parasites, dag score (DS; accumulated fecal material) and fecal consistency score (FCS), were investigated in this study, along with BW. All four traits were studied(More)
Sheep that are highly resistant to parasitic nematodes can suffer bad diarrhoea due to the inflammation associated with rejection of ingested larvae from pasture. We hypothesised that challenging parasite-resistant sheep indoors with nematode larvae would result in reduced faecal dry matter, and that faecal dry matter would be lowest in sheep challenged(More)
Immune-mediated scouring due to ingested parasite larvae is a major concern for sheep producers in Mediterranean climates. We investigated immune-mediated scouring in parasite-resistant Merino sheep in Australia. Forty-adult, parasite-resistant Merino rams were judged to be either susceptible or non-susceptible to immune-mediated scouring on the basis of(More)
The peri-parturient period is crucial for controlling worms as the acquired immunity of ewes is disrupted, resulting in an increase in faecal worm egg counts. Two hypotheses were tested in this experiment - that ewes bred for worm resistance would have lower faecal worm egg counts than unselected control ewes, during late pregnancy and lactation, under(More)
In this paper we present a model-free execution monitor for behavior-based mobile robots. By model-free we mean that the monitoring is based only on the actual execution, without involving any predictive models of the controlled system. Model-free monitors are especially suitable for systems where it is hard to obtain adequate models. In our approach we(More)
There is evidence of genetically determined host resistance mechanisms for most of the sheep parasites evaluated. The mechanisms vary; from no or reduced establishment, early expulsion, to suppression of parasites resulting in reduced size and fecundity. There is a need to integrate breeding for parasite resistance with the genetic improvement of production(More)
We examined the changes to populations of Trichostrongylus colubriformis and Teledorsagia circumcincta in mature sheep selected for reduced faecal worm egg count (WEC). Worm resistant (n=19) and control (n=10) genotype sheep were penned and dosed with a total of 10,000 T. colubriformis and 10,000 T. circumcincta per week for 18-weeks. Sheep genotypes were(More)
We consider the problem of designing distinguishers and nonrandomness detectors for stream ciphers using the maximum degree monomial test. We construct an improved algorithm to determine the subset of key and IV-bits used in the test. The algorithm is generic, and can be applied to any stream cipher. In addition to this, the algorithm is highly tweakable,(More)