Linsay Mccallum

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Major depressive and bipolar disorders predispose to atherosclerosis, and there is accruing data from animal model, epidemiological, and genomic studies that commonly used antihypertensive drugs may have a role in the pathogenesis or course of mood disorders. In this study, we propose to determine whether antihypertensive drugs have an impact on mood(More)
The relation between serum albumin levels and subsequent incidence of myocardial infarction and coronary heart disease deaths was evaluated using stored serum from the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial (MRFIT). There were 91 coronary heart disease deaths, 113 myocardial infarction patients, and 405 controls matched to cases within 5 years of age,(More)
The apolipoprotein E polymorphism is a genetic determinant of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol. Its status as a risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD), either through a causal relation with LDL cholesterol level or independently, is less clearly established. Data from the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial were used to examine the(More)
Recent evidence indicates that long-term visit-to-visit blood pressure variability (BPV) may be an independent cardiovascular risk predictor. The implication of this variability in hypertension clinical practice is unclear. BPV as average real variability (ARV) was calculated in 14,522 treated patients with hypertension in 4 time frames: year 1 (Y1), years(More)
Chloride (Cl-) is the major extracellular anion in the body, accompanying sodium (Na+), and is primarily derived from dietary sources. Data suggest that increased dietary Cl- intake increases blood pressure, yet paradoxically, higher serum Cl- appears associated with lower mortality and cardiovascular risk. This implies that serum Cl- also reflects risk(More)
The objective of this study was to examine whether fasting serum insulin is a predictor of coronary heart disease in high-risk US men, and whether any such predictive role explains the enhanced cardiovascular risk seen in subjects with the apolipoprotein (Apo) E 3/2 phenotype. This was a nested case-control study of participants in the Multiple Risk Factor(More)
Very few studies have looked at longitudinal intraindividual blood pressure responses to weather conditions. There are no data to suggest that specific response to changes in weather will have an impact on survival. We analyzed >169 000 clinic visits of 16 010 Glasgow Blood Pressure Clinic patients with hypertension. Each clinic visit was mapped to the mean(More)
Hypertension is a key risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and new treatments are needed. Uric acid reduction lowers blood pressure (BP) in adolescents, suggesting a direct pathophysiological role in the development of hypertension. Whether the same relationship is present in older adults is unknown. We explored change in BP after allopurinol initiation(More)
AIMS Current guidelines recommend early referral and initiation of intensive cardiovascular (CV) risk reduction in individuals with a positive family history of coronary heart disease (CHD). We hypothesized that a family history of premature CHD and stroke [CV disease (CVD)] would lead to earlier referral of hypertensive patients to secondary care clinic,(More)
Hematocrit has been inconsistently reported to be a risk marker of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The Glasgow Blood Pressure Clinic Study cohort included 10951 hypertensive patients, who had hematocrit measured at their initial clinic visit and followed for ≤35 years. Cox proportional hazards models were used to estimate hazard ratios for(More)