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Bacterial nucleoid-associated proteins play important roles in chromosome organization and global gene regulation. We find that Lsr2 of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a unique nucleoid-associated protein that binds AT-rich regions of the genome, including genomic islands acquired by horizontal gene transfer and regions encoding major virulence factors, such… (More)
Lsr2 is a small, basic protein present in Mycobacterium and related actinomycetes. Our previous in vitro biochemical studies showed that Lsr2 is a DNA-bridging protein, a property shared by H-NS-like proteins in gram-negative bacteria. Here we present in vivo evidence based on genetic complementation experiments that Lsr2 is a functional analog of H-NS, the… (More)
We have recently concluded that a Listeria monocytogenes 86 kDa immunogenic surface protein, IspC, is a cell wall-anchored peptidoglycan hydrolase (autolysin), capable of degrading the cell wall peptidoglycan of the bacterium itself. To determine if this enzyme has any biological functions and/or plays a role in virulence, we in-frame-deleted the ispC gene… (More)
We identified and biochemically characterized a novel surface-localized autolysin from Listeria monocytogenes serotype 4b, an 86-kDa protein consisting of 774 amino acids and known from our previous studies as the target (designated IspC) of the humoral immune response to listerial infection. Recombinant IspC, expressed in Escherichia coli, was purified and… (More)
The 86-kDa protein IspC of 774 amino acids in Listeria monocytogenes serotype 4b has been recently identified as the target of humoral immune response to listerial infection and as a novel surface autolysin. A signal peptide is predicted at the N-terminal end of IspC, but no biochemical data has been shown to confirm the presence of the cleavage site of a… (More)
IspC is a novel peptidoglycan (PG) hydrolase that is conserved in Listeria monocytogenes serotype 4b strains and is involved in virulence. The aim of this study was to establish the hydrolytic bond specificity of IspC. Purified L. monocytogenes peptidoglycan was digested by recombinant IspC and the resulting muropeptides were separated by reverse phase… (More)
Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium strains 22495 and 22792, obtained from wild birds, were found to display different virulence attributes in an experimental chicken model. Closed genome sequences were assembled after sequencing with the Roche 454 and Illumina MiSeq platforms. An additional plasmid was present in the more virulent strain 22495.