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The human immunodeficiency virus replication cycle begins by sequential interactions between viral envelope glycoproteins with CD4 molecule and a member of the seven-transmembrane, G-protein-coupled, receptors' family (coreceptor). In this report we focused on the contribution of CCR8 as alternative coreceptor for HIV-1 and HIV-2 isolates. We found that(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the unspecific and envelope-specific IgA and IgG responses in acute and chronic HIV-2 infection. METHODS Twenty-eight chronically infected adults and two children with perinatal infection were studied. Total plasma concentrations of IgA and IgG were determined by nephelometry. IgA and IgG reactivity against the immunodominant region(More)
To demonstrate that human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2) mother-to-child transmission exists, HIV-2 isolates were obtained from both an asymptomatic mother (HIV-2 strain ARM), and her child (HIV-2 strain SAR), who had a diagnosis of AIDS. To determine their biological phenotype, primary isolates were used to infect various primary mononuclear cells(More)
Kikuchi and Fujimoto's disease, also known as histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenopathy, is a rare and benign disorder of the lymph nodes of young adults. The etiology of this disease is unknown, an autoimmune mechanism has been suggested, although some cases of association with several viruses has been described. We report a pediatric case of Kikuchi and(More)
The viral load assays AMPLICOR HIV-1 Monitor Test 1.5, Nuclisens HIV-1 QT, and Quantiplex HIV RNA 3.0 (bDNA) were evaluated for their abilities to quantify human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) RNA in 64 plasma samples from 21 children infected in Portugal. The children were infected with HIV-1 subtypes A1, B, F1, G, and BG recombinant virus. AMPLICOR(More)
Our aim was to assess the efficacy and safety of hydroxyurea (HU) in children with severe forms of sickle cell anemia followed in a Portuguese hospital. We carried out an open-label uncontrolled prospective study, which included children with severe forms of sickle cell anemia. Hydroxyurea was started at 15 mg/kg/day and increased to a maximum dose of 25(More)
The inherited aplastic anaemias are a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by bone marrow failure, frequent association with one or more somatic anomalies and increased risk of cancer. They are rare disorders, usually diagnosed at paediatric age, and have significant premature mortality. The authors report 11 cases of inherited aplastic anaemias,(More)
Differently from HIV-1, HIV-2 disease progression usually takes decades without antiretroviral therapy and the majority of HIV-2 infected individuals survive as elite controllers with normal CD4+ T cell counts and low or undetectable plasma viral load. Neutralizing antibodies (Nabs) are thought to play a central role in HIV-2 evolution and pathogenesis.(More)