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Nine children (five males, four females; age range 6 years 1 month to 11 years 1 month) affected by benign epilepsy of childhood with centrotemporal or Rolandic spikes (BECRS) with EEG evidence of marked activation of interictal epileptic discharges (IEDs) during sleep, and nine unaffected control children matched for age, sex, and socioeconomic status,(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To verify the existence of a symptomatic form of restless legs syndrome (RLS) secondary to multiple sclerosis (MS) and to identify possible associated risk factors. DESIGN Prospective, multicenter, case-control epidemiologic survey. SETTINGS Twenty sleep centers certified by the Italian Association of Sleep Medicine. PATIENTS Eight(More)
OBJECTIVE Excessive daytime sleepiness is a common symptom in Prader Willi syndrome (PWs). Sleep disordered breathing (SDB) and narcoleptic traits such as REM sleep onsets (SOREMPs) have been reported in these subjects. We evaluated nighttime and daytime sleep patterns in patients with PWs in order to clarify the nature of their hypersomnia. DESIGN AND(More)
BACKGROUND Under particular conditions a patent foramen ovale (PFO) can potentially give rise to ischemic stroke by means of paradoxic embolization. In obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) right to left shunting (RLSh) can occur through PFO during periods of nocturnal apnea. Our study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of PFO diagnosed by means of(More)
We performed genomic mapping of a family with autosomal dominant nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy (ADNFLE) and intellectual and psychiatric problems, identifying a disease-associated region on chromosome 9q34.3. Whole-exome sequencing identified a mutation in KCNT1, encoding a sodium-gated potassium channel subunit. KCNT1 mutations were identified in two(More)
OBJECT The authors report on indications for, techniques of, and results of stereoelectroencephalography (stereo-EEG) monitoring in the presurgical evaluation of childhood drug-resistant focal epilepsy. METHODS Thirty-five children (24 boys and 11 girls; mean age 8.8 +/- 3.9 years; mean age at seizure onset 2.1 +/- 2.2 years) underwent 37 tailored(More)
Sleep-related hyperkinetic seizures are a common feature of nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy. Although sleep-related seizures with a temporal lobe origin have been reported, they commonly lack hyperkinetic activity. The authors describe three patients with sleep-related seizures characterized by frenetic, agitated, hyperactive movements (bimanual/bipedal(More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively analyze the results on seizures of surgery in children with drug-resistant focal epilepsy. To identify the factors predicting seizure control among several presurgical, surgical, and postsurgical variables. METHODS One hundred thirteen patients (67 male, 46 female), younger than 16 years, operated on from 1996 to 2004 and(More)
Focal cortical dysplasias (FCDs) are highly epileptogenic malformations associated with drug-resistant epilepsy, susceptible to surgical treatment. Among the different types of FCD, the type II includes two subgroups based on the absence (IIa) or presence (IIb) of balloon cells. The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate possible differences in(More)
Of the cases with nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy (NFLE) approximately 30% are refractory to antiepileptic medication, with several patients suffering from the effects of both ongoing seizures and disrupted sleep. From a consecutive series of 522 patients operated on for drug-resistant focal epilepsy, 21 cases (4%), whose frontal lobe seizures occurred(More)