Lino Manuel Gonçalves

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Metformin improves cardiovascular outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes compared with other glucose-lowering drugs. Experimental studies have shown that metformin can increase the intracellular concentration of adenosine monophosphate, which is a major determinant of the intracellular formation of adenosine. We hypothesize that metformin, given at(More)
The cardiovascular effects of alcohol are well known. However, most research has focused on the beneficial effects (the "French paradox") of moderate consumption or the harmful consequences, such as dilated cardiomyopathy, associated with heavy consumption over an extended period. An association between the ingestion of acute alcohol and onset of cardiac(More)
AMPK activation during ischemia helps the myocardium to cope with the deficit of energy production. As AMPK activity is considered to be impaired in diabetes, we hypothesized that enhancing AMPK activation during ischemia above physiological levels would protect the ischemic diabetic heart through AMPK activation and subsequent inhibition of mitochondrial(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetic patients have a significantly worse prognosis after an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) than their counterparts. Previous studies have shown that the number of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) significantly increase early after an AMI in normoglycemic patients. However, it is well known that type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) and atrial fibrillation (AF) frequently coexist. However, the extent to which CKD increases the risk of thromboembolism in patients with nonvalvular AF and the benefits of anticoagulation in this group remain unclear. We addressed the role of CKD in the prediction of thromboembolic events and the impact of anticoagulation using(More)
We sought to evaluate safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), administered as a single intracoronary injection, to subjects with stable angina pectoris secondary to coronary artery disease. bFGF, an angiogenic growth factor, has been shown to enhance collateral development in animal models of(More)
AIMS Some patients show such an important clinical improvement and reverse remodelling after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) that anatomy and function approach normal. These patients have been called 'super-responders'. The aim of our study was to identify predictors of becoming a super-responder after CRT. METHODS AND RESULTS Eighty-seven(More)
Trimetazidine is an anti-ischemic drug whose cytoprotective mechanisms are not yet fully understood (but until now mainly related to the trimetazidine-induced "metabolic shift" from lipid beta-oxidation to glucose aerobic oxidation). We studied the effect of trimetazidine on the mitochondrial function of ischemic Wistar rat hearts perfused with glucose,(More)
The importance of the left atrium in cardiovascular performance has long been acknowledged. Quantitative assessment of left atrial (LA) function is laborious, requiring invasive pressure-volume loops and thus precluding its routine clinical use. In recent years, novel postprocessing imaging methodologies have emerged, providing a complementary approach for(More)
Ischemia followed by reperfusion is known to negatively affect mitochondrial function by inducing a deleterious condition termed mitochondrial permeability transition. Mitochondrial permeability transition is triggered by oxidative stress, which occurs in mitochondria during ischemia-reperfusion as a result of lower antioxidant defenses and increased(More)