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The objective of these experiments was to study bovine in vitro fertilization (IVF) conditions for blastocyst production using non-sexed sperm (Experiment 1) and sexed sperm (Experiment 2). For Experiment 1, in vitro-matured oocytes (N=707) were allocated to a 2 × 3 × 4 factorial design: time of co-incubation of gametes for fertilization (4 and 18 h), sperm(More)
We developed a simple vitrification technique for bovine embryos that could permit direct transfer. Embryos were produced in-vitro by standard procedures. The base medium for cryopreservation was a chemically defined medium similar to SOF + 25 mM Hepes and 0.25% fatty acid free bovine serum albumin (FAF-BSA) (HCDM2). In experiment 1, embryos were first(More)
The objectives of this study were to: (1) determine an optimal method and stage of development for vitrification of bovine zygotes or early embryos; and (2) use the optimal procedure for bovine embryos to establish equine pregnancies after vitrification and warming of early embryos. Initially, bovine embryos produced by in-vitro fertilization (IVF) were(More)
The present work evaluated the benefit of a novel shipping and maturation medium (SMM) not requiring a CO2 gas for maturation and subsequent embryonic development of slaughterhouse and ovum pickup (OPU) bovine cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs). Four experiments were conducted. In experiment 1, COCs were maturated for 18 hours in SMM and then incubated for 6(More)
Background: Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) has become a useful technology to produce foals when availability of semen is limited or when in-vitro fertilization is desired, as is the need for subfertile mares. However, its application into clinical practice is challenging. The purpose of this review was to discuss some fundamental molecular aspects(More)
The objective of this study was to simplify two-step addition of cryoprotectant for vitrification of bovine embryos by developing a one-step procedure. Survival was calculated as a percentage of non-vitrified controls developed from the same batch of oocytes. In experiment 1, bovine blastocysts were vitrified following one- or two-step addition of(More)
In vitro-produced (IVP) embryos have altered metabolism with lower blastocyst rates and higher lipid accumulation compared with IVP embryos. Culturing embryos with amniotic fluid derived stem cell-conditioned media (AFS) may help mimic in vivo conditions and improve embryo development. We hypothesised that culturing embryos with AFS will improve in vitro(More)
An equine embryo produced by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) was trans-cervically transferred to a recipient mare and pregnancy was confirmed via ultrasound examination on days 11, 12 and 15. On days 20 and 22, a single embryonic proper with a heartbeat was observed. On day 29, two embryos proper appeared during ultrasound examination, each(More)
In vitro-produced (IVP) embryos experience poor cryotolerance due to metabolic changes during in vitro culture causing increased lipid accumulation and apoptosis post-thaw. We hypothesised that embryos cultured in a novel SOF for conventional freezing media (SCF1), dehydrated, and allowed longer equilibration before conventional slow freezing would increase(More)
Jersey embryos have high lipid content and poor cryotolerance. High lipid and reactive oxygen species concentrations are associated with poor post-thaw survival and increased post-thaw apoptosis. It was hypothesized that culturing embryos in SOF-based medium (SCF1; SOF for conventional freezing will decrease lipid content, and adding l-ascorbic acid (l-AA)(More)
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