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The control of blasting ground vibration has been an important research subject in engineering blasting field, and the accurate forecast of blasting vibration is the premise and basis of vibrating control. Particle swarm optimization is a global optimization algorithm for dealing with problems in which a best solution can be represented as a point or(More)
A concise and practical synthetic method has been developed for 8-azachromones, including 8-azaflavones, which have emerged as a promising class of compounds. Using commercially available nicotinates as the starting material, 8-azachromones were obtained in only three steps. The key intramolecular O-arylation reaction was achieved by nucleophilic attack of(More)
Most of polypeptides containing α,β-dehydroamino acids have important biological activity, so exploration of synthetic method has practical significance. In this paper, dipeptides were prepared from l-threonine by protecting of c-terminal allyl acetate, and condensing reaction with a series of N-Boc amino acid. Then, treatment of dipeptides obtained with(More)
Chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) concentration is considered as a key indicator of the eutrophic status of inland water bodies. Various algorithms have been developed for estimating Chl-a in order to improve the accuracy of predictive models. The objective of this study is to assess the potential of hyperspectral multi-band indices to estimate the Chl-a concentration(More)
8-Azacoumarins have emerged as a promising class of compounds but are rarely explored due to challenging access. A novel, general, and practical method is provided for this class of compounds. The key lactonization step employs trans-acrylic acid attached pyridine N-oxides as the starting material, with acetic anhydride as both the activation agent and the(More)
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