Glycosphingolipids are involved in the first steps of virus-cell interaction, where they mediate specific recognition of the host cell membrane. We have employed total-internal-reflection fluorescence microscopy to explore the interaction kinetics between individual unlabeled noroviruslike particles, which are attached to a glycosphingolipid-containing… (More)
This paper introduces a class of cosine modulated causal IIR filter banks. In the simplest case, the filter banks have near perfect magnitude reconstruction (NPMR). By introducing a phase equalizer one can also obtain near perfect reconstruction (NPR) filter banks. By using filter banks with NPMR instead of NPR, or NPR instead of PR, the arithmetic… (More)
In this paper, we introduce frequency masking (FM) FIR filters with short delay. The overall filter has approximately linear phase, and its delay can be chosen arbitrarily. The paper considers how to design both narrow-and wide-band filters.