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We have used laser temperature jump spectroscopy to measure the folding speed of the 20-residue Trp-cage, the smallest polypeptide known to exhibit truly cooperative folding behavior. The observed folding time (4 mus at room temperature) makes this not only the smallest foldable protein, but also the fastest, with a folding speed that exceeds contact-order(More)
The large majority of structural MRI studies of major depressive disorder (MDD) investigated volumetric changes in chronic medicated patients in whom course of illness and treatment effects may impact anatomic measurements. Further, in few studies, separate measurements of cortical thickness and surface area have been performed that reflect different(More)
Recent years have seen the publication of both empirical and theoretical relationships predicting the rates with which proteins fold. Our ability to test and refine these relationships has been limited, however, by a variety of difficulties associated with the comparison of folding and unfolding rates, thermodynamics, and structure across diverse sets of(More)
Gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) agonists have been shown to have neuroprotective effects when used after focal or global cerebral ischemia. In this study, we evaluated the neuroprotective effects of a GABA re-uptake inhibitory agent, tiagabine, on focal ischemic brain injury in an embolic model in rats. Tiagabine, injected at 1 h after embolization,(More)
It has long been debated whether a progressive process is involved in schizophrenia. The aim of the current study was to determine whether a progressive process was involved in patients with early schizophrenia, who were drug naive or had received short-term minimal antipsychotic treatment to avoid the distortion through medication effects. Twenty-eight(More)
The objectives of the study are to study the clinical features of myasthenia gravis in southern China. A retrospective study was carried out on all patients who were diagnosed with myasthenia gravis at the First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University during 1987-2009. Of the 2,154 myasthenia gravis patients, the gender ratio (male:female) was 1:1.15.(More)
Schizophrenic patients present abnormalities in a variety of eye movement tasks. Exploratory eye movement (EEM) dysfunction appears to be particularly specific to schizophrenia. However, the underlying mechanisms of EEM dysfunction in schizophrenia are not clearly understood. To assess the potential neuroanatomical substrates of EEM, we recorded EEM(More)
Component-based software development approach is the main approach to develop new applications at present. How to improve the retrieval efficiency in component libraries becomes an important issue. In this paper, a component library based on XML (Extensible Markup Language) is constructed, in which faceted-based classification mechanism is used to classify(More)
A large number of neuroimaging studies have revealed the dysfunction of brain activities in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) during various tasks. However, regional spontaneous activity abnormalities in OCD are gradually being revealed. In this current study, we aimed to investigate cerebral regions with abnormal spontaneous activity using resting-state(More)
Skin wound macrophages are key regulators of skin repair and their dysfunction causes chronic, non-healing skin wounds. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) regulates pleiotropic functions of macrophages, but its contribution in skin wound healing is poorly defined. We observed that macrophage PPARγ expression was upregulated during skin(More)