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AIMS We aimed to replicate the association of the rs290487 (IVS3C/T) and rs7903146 (IVS3C/T) polymorphisms of transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in Han Chinese people in Henan province, China. METHODS In all, 1,842 patients with T2DM and 7,777 normal glucose-tolerant controls underwent genotyping for the(More)
Associations between transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) polymorphisms and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have been evaluated extensively in multiple ethnic groups. TCF7L2 has emerged as the strongest T2DM susceptibility gene in Europeans, but the findings have been inconsistent in the Chinese population. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to(More)
This paper presents a document retrieval technique that is capable of searching document images without OCR (optical character recognition). The proposed technique retrieves document images by a new word shape coding scheme, which captures the document content through annotating each word image by a word shape code. In particular, we annotate word images by(More)
With large databases of document images available, a method for users to find keywords in documents will be useful. One approach is to perform Optical Character Recognition (OCR) on each document followed by indexing of the resulting text. However, if the quality of the document is poor or time is critical, complete OCR of all images is infeasible. This(More)
Phytoremediation is an emerging strategy for the removal of heavy metal contaminants. However, one of the prerequisite is to understand adequately plant resistant mechanisms. The present study was performed to assess the role of endogenous SA in plant response to Pb or Cd using wild-type (wt) Arabidopsis and its SA-accumulating mutant snc1, SA-reducing(More)
A common problem encountered in recognizing real-scene symbols is the perspective deformation. In this paper, a recognition method resistant to perspective deformation is proposed, based on Cross-Ratio Spectrum descriptor. This method shows good resistance to severe perspective deformation and good discriminating power to similar symbols.
Egg-laying duck flocks in Guangdong province, southern China, have been suffering a widely spreading infectious disease with abrupt egg drops and death since the winter of 2010. However, the causative pathogen was not known. We obtained two independent virus isolates named FS and JM from the diseased layer duck flocks and identified them as duck-origin(More)