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In the context of global warming, it is of high importance to assess the influence of climatic change and geographic factors on the radial growth of high-elevation trees. Using tree-ring data collected from four stands of Qilian juniper (Juniperus przewalskii Kom.) across an altitudinal gradient in the central Qilian Mountains, northwest China, we compared(More)
Limited work has been done on the accumulation characterization of Ca2+ in aerobic granules that are cultivated in a continuous-flow bioreactor. In this work, the contribution of Ca2+ to the biogranulation in a continuous flow airlift fluidized bed (CAFB) reactor has been studied. The spatial distribution and form of calcium in the granules were(More)
AIMS Previous studies have shown the dramatic changes in electrical properties of murine fetal cardiomyocytes, while details on inward rectifier potassium current (IK1) are still seldom discussed. Thus we aimed to characterize the functional expression and functional role of IK1 in murine fetal ventricular cardiomyocytes. METHODS Whole cell patch clamp(More)
In fetal mammalian heart, constitutive adenylyl cyclase/cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase A (cAMP-PKA)-mediated phosphorylation, independent of β-adrenergic receptor stimulation, could under such circumstances play an important role in sustaining the L-type calcium channel current (I(Ca,L)) and regulating other PKA dependent phosphorylation targets. In(More)
I(h), which influences neuronal excitability, has recently been measured in vivo in sensory neuron subtypes in dorsal root ganglia (DRGs). However, expression levels of HCN (hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated) channel proteins that underlie I(h) were unknown. We therefore examined immunostaining of the most abundant isoforms in DRGs, HCN1(More)
The tree species, elevation and climate change jointly influenced the tree-ring growth, directing us to carefully consider the comprehensive effects of these variables when performing large-scale and multi-species-based dendroclimatic studies. The rate of tree growth varies by species and is influenced by elevation and climate gradients. Assessing the(More)
Acute kidney injury is a frequent and serious complication in patients with severe sepsis. α-Lipoic acid (ALA), a naturally occurring dithiol compound, has been shown to possess anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative properties. In the present study we investigated whether ALA could attenuate acute kidney injury and improve survival in a rat model of sepsis.(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate if naloxone combined with epinephrine can increase the resuscitation rate in cardiac arrest rat models induced by asphyxia. METHODS Twenty-four rats were allocated into SA group (treated with 1 mL of saline, n = 8), EP group (treated with epinephrine 5 microg/100g, n = 8), and NA group (treated with epinephrine 5 microg/100g in(More)
Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-induced macrophage foam cell formation and injury is one of the major atherogenic factors. This study is aimed to investigate the protective effect of celery seed extract (CSE) on ox-LDL-induced injury of macrophages and the underlying signaling pathway. RAW264.7 macrophages were pre-incubated with CSE for 24 h,(More)
In eukaryotes, DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), one of the most harmful types of DNA damage, are repaired by homologous repair (HR) and nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ). Surprisingly, in cells deficient for core classic NHEJ factors such as DNA ligase IV (Lig4), substantial end-joining activities have been observed in various situations, suggesting the(More)