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One of the most critical events in the origins of cellular life was the development of lipid membranes. Archaea use isoprenoid chains linked via ether bonds to sn-glycerol 1-phosphate (G1P), whereas bacteria and eukaryotes use fatty acids attached via ester bonds to enantiomeric sn-glycerol 3-phosphate. NAD(P)H-dependent G1P dehydrogenase (G1PDH) forms G1P(More)
One of the novel aspects of kiwifruit is the presence of a high level of quinic acid which contributes to the flavour of the fruit. Quinic acid metabolism intersects with the shikimate pathway, which is responsible for the de novo biosynthesis of primary and secondary aromatic metabolites. The gene encoding the enzyme which catalyses the second step of the(More)
The enzyme 3-deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonate 7-phosphate synthase (DAH7PS) catalyzes the condensation reaction between phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) and erythrose 4-phosphate (E4P). DAH7PS from the hyperthermophile Pyrococcus furiosus has been expressed in Escherichia coli. The expressed protein was insoluble but was partially solubilized as a dimer by the(More)
1. An endoxylanase (EC 3.2.1.8) was purified from an Escherichia coli strain carrying a xylanase gene from the extreme thermophile "Caldocellum saccharolyticum" strain Tp8T6.3.3.1. It was found to have an M(r) of 42,000 and an isoelectric point of approx. 5.0. 2. The enzyme showed optimum activity at pH 5.0-7.7 and had an activation energy of 44 kJ mol-1.(More)
An aryl beta-xylosidase was purified to homogeneity from an Escherichia coli strain containing a recombinant plasmid carrying a beta-xylosidase (EC 3.2.1.37) gene from the extremely thermophilic anaerobic bacterium isolate Tp8T6.3.3.1 ('Caldocellum saccharolyticum'). It has a pI of 4.3 and shows optimal activity at pH 5.7. The enzyme is highly specific,(More)
Many proteins adopt homomeric quaternary structures to support their biological function, including the first enzyme of the shikimate pathway that is ultimately responsible for the biosynthesis of the aromatic amino acids in plants and microorganisms. This enzyme, 3-deoxy-d-arabino-heptulosonate-7-phosphate synthase (DAH7PS), adopts a variety of different(More)
3-deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonate-7-phosphate synthase (DAH7PS) catalyzes the condensation reaction between phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) and the four-carbon monosaccharide D-erythrose 4-phosphate (E4P). DAH7PS from the hyperthermophile Pyrococcus furiosus is a member of the DAH7PS Ibeta subfamily, which also includes the KDO8PS enzymes. KDO8PS(More)
3-Deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonate 7-phosphate (DAH7P) synthase catalyses the first step of the shikimate pathway, which is responsible for the biosynthesis of aromatic amino acids in microorganisms and plants. This enzyme catalyses an aldol reaction between phosphoenolpyruvate and D-erythrose 4-phosphate to generate DAH7P. Both 2-deoxyerythrose 4-phosphate(More)
The analysis of the interaction of threose 4-phosphate and 2-deoxyerythrose 4-phosphate with 3-deoxy-D-arabino-heptulosonate 7-phosphate synthase (DAH7PS) reveals previously unrecognised mechanistic differences between the DAH7PS-catalysed reaction and that catalysed by the closely related enzyme, 3-deoxy-D-manno-octulosonate 8-phosphate synthase (KDO8PS).
Pseudomurein endoisopeptidases cause lysis of the cell walls of methanogens by cleaving the isopeptide bond Ala-ε-Lys in the peptide chain of pseudomurein. PeiW and PeiP are two thermostable pseudomurein endoisopeptidases encoded by phage ΨM100 of Methanothermobacter wolfei and phages ΨM1 and ΨM2 of Methanothermobacter marburgensis, respectively. A(More)