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An NMR-based metabolomics approach was conducted to holisticly explore the effect of XFZYD (a traditional Chinese medicine formula) on high-fat diet induced hyperlipidemia rats with one of the commonly used antihyperlipidemic agents, simvastatin as the positive control. NMR spectra from blood plasma combined with statistical analysis revealed compounds(More)
A simple, sensitive and reliable ultra fast liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (UFLC-ESI-MS/MS) method was developed for simultaneously quantifying gastrodin (p-hydroxy-methyl-phenol-β-d-glucoside) and its metabolite p-hydroxybenzyl alcohol (HBA) in dog plasma. Separation was performed on an ultra fast liquid(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Danggui-Shaoyao-San (DSS), a famous traditional Chinese medicine formula consisting of six herbal medicines, has been used to treat gynecological disorders and neural dysfunctions. AIM OF THE STUDY The present study was carried out to investigate the effects of DSS on cognitive ability and oxidative stress-related neuronal(More)
A high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC) method for separation and purification of coumarins from Cnidium monnieri (L.) Cusson was developed by using stepwise elution with a pair of two-phase solvent system composed of light petroleum-ethyl acetate-methanol-water at volume ratios of 5:5:5:5, 5:5:6:4 and 5:5:6.5:3.5. Five kinds of coumarins were(More)
Seven new prieurianin-type limonoids, aphapolynins C-I (1-7), and a new aphanamolide-type limonoid, aphanamolide B (8), along with seventeen known compounds, were isolated from the fruits of Aphanamixis polystachya. The structures of these compounds were established on the basis of spectroscopic studies. The absolute configurations were determined by(More)
Three monoterpene-chalcone conjugates, including two novel compounds isorubraine (2) and sumadain C (3), and a known compound rubraine (1) were isolated from the seeds of Alpinia katsumadai. Their structures and relative configurations were established by NMR spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography. Cytotoxic activities of these compounds were evaluated(More)
A series of tacrine-coumarin hybrids (8a-t) were designed, synthesized and evaluated as multifunctional cholinesterase (ChE) inhibitors against Alzheimer's disease (AD). The screening results showed that most of them exhibited a significant ability to inhibit ChE and self-induced β-amyloid (Aβ) aggregation, and to act as metal chelators. Especially, 8f(More)
Plant peroxidases were found to play an important role in plant physiology such as the metabolism and transformation of small complexes. In the present research, a novel Momordica charantia peroxidase (MCP) from fruits was purified to electrophoretic homogeneity by combining consecutive treatment of ammonium sulfate fractionation, ion exchange(More)
Metabonomic profiles of the type 2 diabetic rats induced by streptozotocin and high-sugar, high fat diet on the treatment of Gegen Qinlian Decoction (GQD) for 9 weeks were investigated. Rats were randomly divided into five groups: normal control (NC), type 2 diabetes (DM), metformin hydrochloric, GQD in high and low dosages. Plasma samples for 1H NMR-based(More)
Two novel C-22 steroidal lactone saponins, namely solanolactosides A, B (1, 2) and two new spirostanol glycosides, namely torvosides M, N (3, 4) were isolated from ethanol extract of aerial parts of Solanum torvum. Their structures were characterized as solanolide 6-O-[alpha-l-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->3)-O-beta-d-quinovopyranoside] (1), solanolide(More)